B. A. Cunha, A. Burillo, and E. Bouza, Legionnaires' disease, Lancet, vol.387, pp.376-85, 2016.

V. Gazzano, A. Berger, Y. Benito, A. M. Freydiere, A. Tristan et al., Reassessment of the role of rapid antigen detection tests in diagnosis of invasive group a streptococcal infections, J Clin Microbiol, vol.54, pp.994-1003, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01911307

F. Banderet, A. Blaich, E. Soleman, V. Gaia, and M. Osthoff, Septic arthritis due to Legionella cincinnatiensis: case report and review of the literature, Infection, vol.45, pp.551-556, 2017.

S. A. Just, J. B. Knudsen, S. A. Uldum, and H. M. Holt, Detection of Legionella bozemanae, a new cause of septic arthritis, by PCR followed by specific culture, J Clin Microbiol, vol.50, pp.4180-4182, 2012.

A. Fernández-cruz, M. Marín, L. Castelo, R. Usubillaga, P. Martín-rabadán et al., Legionella micdadei, a new cause of prosthetic joint infection, J Clin Microbiol, vol.49, pp.3409-3419, 2011.

M. Flendrie, M. Jeurissen, M. Franssen, D. Kwa, C. Klaassen et al., Septic arthritis caused by Legionella dumoffii in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus-like disease, J Clin Microbiol, vol.49, pp.746-755, 2011.

M. Dugar, W. A. Rankin, R. E. Smith, and M. D. , My foot hurts": a flare of rheumatoid arthritis?, Med J Aust, vol.190, pp.392-395, 2009.

A. J. Linscott, M. D. Poulter, K. Ward, and D. A. Bruckner, Legionella pneumophila Serogroup 4 isolated from joint tissue, J Clin Microbiol, vol.42, pp.1365-1371, 2004.

C. Thurneysen and K. Boggian, Legionella pneumophila Serogroup 1 septic arthritis with probable endocarditis in an Immunodeficient patient, J Clin Rheumatol, vol.20, pp.297-305, 2014.

T. Naito, T. Suda, K. Saga, T. Horii, and K. Chida, Reactive Legionella pneumophila arthritis diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction, Rheumatol Int, vol.27, pp.415-421, 2007.

P. Bemer, S. Leautez, E. Ninin, S. Jarraud, F. Raffi et al., Legionella pneumophila arthritis: use of medium specific for mycobacteria for isolation of L. pneumophila in culture of articular fluid specimens, Clin Infect Dis, vol.35, pp.6-7, 2002.

A. Doleans, H. Aurell, M. Reyrolle, G. Lina, J. Freney et al., Clinical and environmental distributions of Legionella strains in France are different, J Clin Microbiol, vol.42, pp.458-60, 2004.

L. J. Padrnos, J. E. Blair, S. Kusne, D. J. Dicaudo, and J. R. Mikhael, Cutaneous legionellosis: case report and review of the medical literature, Transpl Infect Dis, vol.16, pp.307-321, 2014.

H. J. Newton, D. Ang, I. R. Van-driel, and E. L. Hartland, Molecular pathogenesis of infections caused by Legionella pneumophila, Clin Microbiol Rev, vol.23, pp.274-98, 2010.

F. Lanternier, F. Ader, B. Pilmis, E. Catherinot, S. Jarraud et al., Legionnaire's disease in compromised hosts, Infect Dis Clin N Am, vol.31, pp.123-158, 2017.

J. Carratala, F. Gudiol, R. Pallares, J. Dorca, R. Verdaguer et al., Risk factors for nosocomial Legionella pneumophila pneumonia, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol.149, pp.625-634, 1994.

F. Lanternier, F. Tubach, P. Ravaud, D. Salmon, P. Dellamonica et al., Incidence and risk factors of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia during anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy: a prospective French study, Chest, vol.144, pp.990-998, 2013.

Y. Arinuma, S. Nogi, Y. Ishikawa, H. Nakayama, A. Hashimoto et al., Fatal complication of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in a Tocilizumabtreated rheumatoid arthritis patient, Intern Med, vol.54, pp.1125-1155, 2015.

M. G. Netea, B. J. Kullberg, and J. Van-der-meer, Circulating Cytokines as Mediators of Fever, Clin Infect Dis, vol.31, issue.Supplement_5, pp.178-84, 2000.

J. D. Rihs, V. L. Yu, J. J. Zuravleff, A. Goetz, and R. R. Muder, Isolation of Legionella pneumophila from blood with the BACTEC system: a prospective study yielding positive results, J Clin Microbiol, vol.22, pp.422-426, 1985.

N. Kaku, K. Yanagihara, Y. Morinaga, T. Sato, M. Nakashima et al., Detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in blood cultures from a patient treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor, J Infect Chemother, vol.19, pp.166-70, 2013.

C. C. Lai, C. K. Tan, C. H. Chou, H. L. Hsu, Y. T. Huang et al., Hospitalacquired pneumonia and bacteremia caused by Legionella pneumophila in an immunocompromised patient, Infection, vol.38, pp.135-142, 2010.

D. Lindsay, W. H. Abraham, W. Findlay, P. Christie, F. Johnston et al., Laboratory diagnosis of legionnaires' disease due to Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1: comparison of phenotypic and genotypic methods, J Med Microbiol, vol.53, pp.183-190, 2004.

S. Moriguchi, M. Abe, M. Kimura, C. Yoshino, M. Baba et al., The diagnosis of Legionella pneumophila Serogroup 5 Bacteremic pneumonia during severe neutropenia using loop-mediated isothermal amplification, Intern Med, vol.57, pp.1045-1053, 2017.

Y. F. Cheung, M. P. Leung, and K. Y. Yuen, Legionella pneumonia and bacteraemia in association with protein-losing enteropathy after Fontan operation, J Inf Secur, vol.42, pp.206-213, 2001.

, Publisher's Note

, Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations