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Effects of modulators of multidrug resistance on the expression of the MDR1 gene in human KB cells in culture

Abstract : The effect of four modulators of multidrug resistance (MDR) on the expression of the MDR1 gene was studied in two resistant variants of the KB cell lines, KB V1 and KB A1. This was done using a semi-quantitative assay based on mRNA reverse transcription coupled with polymerase chain reaction of the cDNA obtained. An automatic DNA sequencer was used for the measurement of the fluorescent amplification products and the MDR1 signal was compared to that of the beta-actin gene of the cells. After 24 h incubation with 15 microM of the modulators, MDR1 gene expression was slightly but significantly decreased by two of them, quinine and cyclosporine A, whereas verapamil and S-9788 had very little effect on this parameter. The effect were more pronounced in the KB A1 line than in the KB V1 line. The effect of quinine was studied over a longer time period (4-48 h) and was shown to be maximum at 24 h. These results favor the existence of a direct effect of some MDR reverters, especially quinine, on the expression of the MDR1 gene and could partially explain their modulating effect of MDR.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02438213
Contributor : Philippe Pourquier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 10:27:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 1:43:29 AM

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Yan-Ping Hu, Philippe Pourquier, François Doignon, Marc Crouzet, Jacques Robert. Effects of modulators of multidrug resistance on the expression of the MDR1 gene in human KB cells in culture. Anti-Cancer Drugs, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1996, 7 (7), pp.738-744. ⟨10.1097/00001813-199609000-00004⟩. ⟨inserm-02438213⟩

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