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Tracking cellular and molecular changes in a species-specific manner during experimental tumor progression in vivo

Abstract : Hepatoblastoma (HBL) is a pediatric liver cancer with defined molecular alterations driving its progression. Here, we describe an animal model for HBL on the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), which recapitulates relevant features of HBL in patients. Expression of classic tumor-associated proteins such as β-catenin, EpCAM and CK19 was maintained in acini-like organized tumors on CAM, as was synthesis of AFP, a tumor marker used for monitoring patient response. RNA sequencing revealed an unexpected molecular evolution of HBL cells on the CAM, with significant deregulation of more than 6,000 genes including more than half of all HOX genes. Bioinformatic analysis distinguish between tumor cell-expressed genes and chick genes, thereby shedding new light on the complex interactions taking place during HBL progression. Importantly, human tumor suppressive ribosomal genes were downregulated after implantation, whereas mitochondrial genes encoding for anti-apoptotic peptides were strongly induced in vivo. Meprin-1α expression was increased during evolution of CAM tumors and confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Cisplatin, a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent for HBL, showed significant anti-tumoral effects. Our results broaden the understanding of the molecular adaptation process of human cancer cells to the microenvironment and might help to elaborate novel therapeutic concepts for the treatment of this pediatric liver tumor.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02437924
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Emilie Indersie, Katarzyna Hooks, Caroline Capdevielle, Monique Fabre, Nathalie Dugot-Senant, et al.. Tracking cellular and molecular changes in a species-specific manner during experimental tumor progression in vivo. Oncotarget, Impact journals, 2018, 9 (22), pp.16149-16162. ⟨10.18632/oncotarget.24598⟩. ⟨inserm-02437924⟩

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