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Influence of Radiotherapy Fractionation Schedule on the Tumor Vascular Microenvironment in Prostate and Lung Cancer Models

Karen Clément-Colmou 1 Vincent Potiron 2 Manon Pietri 1 Maëva Guillonneau 1 Emmanuel Jouglar 1 Sophie Chiavassa 1 Grégory Delpon 1 François Paris 1 Stéphane Supiot 1
1 CRCINA-ÉQUIPE 14 - Endothelium Radiobiology and Targeting
CRCINA - Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie et Immunologie Nantes-Angers
2 CRCINA-ÉQUIPE 9 - Apoptosis and Tumor Progression
CRCINA - Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie et Immunologie Nantes-Angers
Abstract : Background. The tumor vasculature acts as an interface for the primary tumor. It regulates oxygenation, nutrient delivery, and treatment efficacy including radiotherapy. The response of the tumor vasculature to different radiation doses has been disparately reported. Whereas high single doses can induce endothelial cell death, improved vascular functionality has also been described in a various dose range, and few attempts have been made to reconcile these findings. Therefore, we aimed at comparing the effects of different radiation fractionation regimens on the tumor vascular microenvironment. Methods: Lewis lung and prostate PC3 carcinoma-derived tumors were irradiated with regimens of 10 × 2 Gy, 6 × 4 Gy, 3 × 8 Gy or 2 × 12 Gy fractions. The tumor vasculature phenotype and function was evaluated by immunohistochemistry for endothelial cells (CD31), pericytes (desmin, α-SMA), hypoxia (pimonidazole) and perfusion (Hoechst 33342). Results: Radiotherapy increased vascular coverage similarly in all fractionation regimens in both models. Vessel density appeared unaffected. In PC3 tumors, hypoxia was decreased and perfusion was enhanced in proportion with the dose per fraction. In LLC tumors, no functional changes were observed at t = 15 days, but increased perfusion was noticed earlier (t = 9-11 days). Conclusion: The vascular microenvironment response of prostate and lung cancers to radiotherapy consists of both tumor/dose-independent vascular maturation and tumor-dependent functional parameters.
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Karen Clément-Colmou, Vincent Potiron, Manon Pietri, Maëva Guillonneau, Emmanuel Jouglar, et al.. Influence of Radiotherapy Fractionation Schedule on the Tumor Vascular Microenvironment in Prostate and Lung Cancer Models. Cancers, MDPI, 2020, 12, ⟨10.3390/cancers12010121⟩. ⟨inserm-02426486⟩

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