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Deciphering the Nucleotide and RNA Binding Selectivity of the Mayaro Virus Macro Domain

Abstract : Mayaro virus (MAYV) is a member of Togaviridae family, which also includes Chikungunya virus as a notorious member. MAYV recently emerged in urban areas of the Americas, and this emergence emphasized the current paucity of knowledge about its replication cycle. The macro domain (MD) of MAYV belongs to the N-terminal region of its non-structural protein 3, part of the replication complex. Here, we report the first structural and dynamical characterization of a previously unexplored Alphavirus MD investigated through high-resolution NMR spectroscopy, along with data on its ligand selectivity and binding properties. The structural analysis of MAYV MD reveals a typical "macro" (ββαββαβαβα) fold for this polypeptide, while NMR-driven interaction studies provide in-depth insights into MAYV MD-ligand adducts. NMR data in concert with thermodynamics and biochemical studies provide convincing experimental evidence for preferential binding of adenosine diphosphate ribose (ADP-r) and adenine-rich RNAs to MAYV MD, thus shedding light on the structure-function relationship of a previously unexplored viral MD. The emerging differences with any other related MD are expected to enlighten distinct functions.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 10:13:28 AM
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Aikaterini Tsika, Efstathios Melekis, Sofia-Antigoni Tsatsouli, Nicolas Papageorgiou, Maria Mate, et al.. Deciphering the Nucleotide and RNA Binding Selectivity of the Mayaro Virus Macro Domain. Journal of Molecular Biology, Elsevier, 2019, 431 (12), pp.2283-2297. ⟨10.1016/j.jmb.2019.04.013⟩. ⟨inserm-02416971⟩



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