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Of phlebotomines (sandflies) and viruses: a comprehensive perspective on a complex situation

Abstract : Old World sandfly-borne phleboviruses are classified into three serological complexes: Sandfly fever Sicilian, Sandfly fever Naples and Salehabad. Human pathogens (febrile illness ['sandfly fever'], neuroinvasive infections) belong to the two first complexes. The increasing number of newly discovered sandfly-borne phleboviruses raises concerns about their medical and veterinary importance. They occupy a wide geographic area from Mediterranean basin to North Africa and the Middle East to the central Asia. At least nine species of sandflies can transmit these viruses. Recent results suggest that sandfly vectors are not as specific for viruses as initially believed. Recent seroprevalence studies demonstrate that humans and domestic animals are heavily exposed. Specific molecular diagnostic methods must be developed and implemented in clinical microbiology laboratories.
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Nazli Ayhan, Rémi Charrel. Of phlebotomines (sandflies) and viruses: a comprehensive perspective on a complex situation. Current Opinion in Insect Science, Elsevier, 2017, 22, pp.117-124. ⟨10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.019⟩. ⟨inserm-02407408⟩

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