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Early Protection against Pertussis Induced by Live Attenuated Bordetella pertussis BPZE1 Depends on TLR4

Abstract : Pertussis is a severe respiratory disease mainly caused by Bordetella pertussis Despite wide global vaccination coverage with efficacious pertussis vaccines, it remains one of the least well-controlled vaccine-preventable diseases, illustrating the shortcomings of the current vaccines. We have developed the live attenuated nasal pertussis vaccine BPZE1, currently undergoing clinical evaluation in human phase 2 trials. We have previously shown that in mice, BPZE1 provides strong and long-lasting protection against B. pertussis challenge by inducing potent Ab and T cell responses as well as secretory IgA and IL-17-producing resident memory T lymphocytes in the nasal cavity. In this study, we show that BPZE1 induces protection in mice against B. pertussis within days after vaccination, at a time when Ab and T cell responses were not detectable. Early protection was independent of T and B cell responses, as demonstrated by the use of SCID mice. Instead, it was due to TLR4-dependent signaling through the MyD88-dependent pathway of the innate immune response, as demonstrated in experiments with TLR4-deficient and MyD88-knockout mice. TLR2-dependent signaling did not play a major role in early protection. In addition, this study also shows that even at high doses, BPZE1 is safe in the severely immunocompromised MyD88-deficient mice, whereas virulent B. pertussis caused a severe pathological condition and death in these mice, even at a low dose. Finally, coadministration of virulent B. pertussis with BPZE1 did not cause exacerbated outgrowth of the virulent strain, thereby adding to the safety profile of this live vaccine candidate.
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Contributor : Jean-Claude Sirard <>
Submitted on : Saturday, December 7, 2019 - 1:45:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 4:28:03 PM
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Anne-Sophie Debrie, Nathalie Mielcarek, Sophie Lecher, Xavier Roux, Jean Claude Sirard, et al.. Early Protection against Pertussis Induced by Live Attenuated Bordetella pertussis BPZE1 Depends on TLR4. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2019, pp.ji1901102. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1901102⟩. ⟨inserm-02398404⟩

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