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Resistin expression in human monocytes is controlled by two linked promoter SNPs mediating NFKB p50/p50 binding and C-methylation

Abstract : Resistin is a key cytokine associated with metabolic and inflammatory diseases. Especially in East Asian populations, the expression levels are strongly influenced by genetic polymorphisms. Mechanisms and functional implications of this genetic control are still unknown. By employing reporter assays, EMSA, inhibition studies, bisulphite sequencing, ChIP-Seq and gene-editing we show that the p50/p50 homodimer known to act as repressor for a number of pro-inflammatory genes plays a central role in the genetic regulation of resistin in monocytes along with promoter methylation. In the common RETN haplotype p50/p50 constitutively dampens the expression by binding to the promoter. In an Asian haplotype variant however this interaction is disrupted by the A allele of rs3219175. The SNP is in very close linkage to rs34861192, a CpG SNP, located 280 bp upstream which provides an allele-specific C-methylation site. rs34861192 is located in a 100 bp region found to be methylated in the common but not in the Asian haplotype, resulting in the latter having a higher basal expression, which also associates with elevated histone acetylation (H3K27ac). Genotype associations within cohort data of 200 East Asian individuals revealed significant associations between this haplotype and the plasma levels of factors such as TGF-b, S100B, sRAGE and IL-8 as well as with myeloid DC counts. Thus, the common RETN haplotype is tightly regulated by the epigenetic mechanism linked to p50/p50-binding. This control is lost in the Asian haplotype, which may have evolved to balance the antagonistic Retn effects on pathogen protection vs. metabolic and inflammatory disease induction.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 12:01:25 PM
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Dilip Kumar, Bernett Lee, Kia Joo Puan, Wendy Lee, Boris San Luis, et al.. Resistin expression in human monocytes is controlled by two linked promoter SNPs mediating NFKB p50/p50 binding and C-methylation. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), pp.15245. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-51592-0⟩. ⟨inserm-02375953⟩

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