Emergent Sand Fly–Borne Phleboviruses in the Balkan Region

Abstract : Sand fly–borne phleboviruses are associated with febrile diseases and nervous system infections in the Mediterranean basin. Sandfly fever was first reported in the Balkan Peninsula at the end of the 19th century. Since then, accumulating data show that the Balkan Peninsula, as a transboundary region between Asia and Europe, plays a major role in the emergence of vectorborne diseases in Europe. To provide an inclusive approach, we collected published data on phleboviruses in the Balkan countries and used them to evaluate the impact of these pathogens from virologic, epidemiologic, and public health perspectives. Recent findings show a high diversity of phleboviruses belonging to 3 species or serocomplexes circulating heavily in the Balkans. Focusing on undisputable human pathogens, we found direct and indirect laboratory documentation for Toscana virus, Sandfly fever Sicilian virus, and Adria virus. These data demonstrate that the Balkans are a hotspot for phleboviruses transmitted by sand flies.
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Nazli Ayhan, Remi Charrel. Emergent Sand Fly–Borne Phleboviruses in the Balkan Region. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018, 24 (12), pp.2324-2330. ⟨10.3201/eid2412.171626⟩. ⟨inserm-02375669⟩

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