Circulation of Toscana Virus in a Sample Population of Corsica, France

Abstract : Sandfly-borne phleboviruses pathogenic to humans, such as Toscana virus (TOSV) and Sandfly Fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), are endemic in the Mediterranean region. In France, several autochthonous cases of TOSV infection have been described, causing either meningitis or encephalitis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence of TOSV and SFSV antibodies in a healthy population from Corsica. In this cross-sectional study, participants were enrolled (i) from a medical staff at the University of Corsica and (ii) from general practitioners of the Corsican Sentinelles Network. The seroprevalence study was based on a virus microneutralization assay. A total of 240 sera were tested. Altogether, 54 sera (22.5%) were confirmed positive for TOSV antibodies, whereas none were positive for SFSV (0/240). The residential district of participants was significantly associated with TOSV seropositivity (p value = 0.005). The rate of the seropositivity against TOSV in our study suggests that the Corsican population is well exposed to the TOSV. These results encourage the implementation of a systematic surveillance system including entomological, microbiological, and medical aspects for the collection of better information on the diseases that are associated with phleboviruses in Corsica and beyond in the regions where these viruses are present.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 9:54:20 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 23, 2019 - 1:40:11 AM

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Shirley Masse, Nazli Ayhan, Lisandru Capai, Frédéric Bosseur, Xavier de Lamballerie, et al.. Circulation of Toscana Virus in a Sample Population of Corsica, France. Viruses, MDPI, 2019, 11 (9), pp.817. ⟨10.3390/v11090817⟩. ⟨inserm-02375587⟩

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