Proteome analysis of formalin‐fixed paraffin‐embedded colorectal adenomas reveals the heterogeneous nature of traditional serrated adenomas compared to other colorectal adenomas: Proteomic characterization of colorectal adenomas using FFPE samples

Abstract : Traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) remains the least understood of all the colorectal adenomas although these lesions have been associated with a significant cancer risk, twice that of the conventional adenoma (CAD) and of the sessile serrated adenoma (SSA/P). This study was performed to investigate the proteomic profiles of the different colorectal adenomas to better understand the pathogenesis of TSA. We performed a global quantitative proteome analysis using the label-free quantification (LFQ) method on 44 colorectal adenomas (12 TSAs, 15 CADs, 17 SSA/Ps) and 17 normal colonic mucosa samples, archived as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks. Unsupervised consensus hierarchical clustering applied to the whole proteomic profile of the 44 colorectal adenomas identified four subtypes: C1 and C2 were well-individualized clusters composed of all the CADs (15/15) and most of the SSA/Ps (13/17), respectively. This is consistent with the fact that CADs and SSA/Ps are homogeneous and distinct colorectal adenoma entities. In contrast, TSAs were subdivided into C3 and C4 clusters, consistent with the more heterogeneous entity of TSA at the morphological and molecular levels. Comparison of the proteome expression profile between the adenoma subtypes and normal colonic mucosa further confirmed the heterogeneous nature of TSAs which overlapped either on CADs or SSA/Ps, while CADs and SSAs formed homogeneous and distinct entities. Furthermore, we identified LEFTY1 a new potential marker for TSAs that may be relevant for the pathogenesis of TSA. LEFTY1 is an inhibitor of the Nodal/TGFβ pathway, which we found to be one of the most overexpressed proteins specifically in TSAs. This finding was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Our study confirms that CADs and SSA/Ps form homogeneous and distinct colorectal adenoma entities, while TSAs are a heterogeneous entity and may arise from either SSA/Ps or from normal mucosa evolving through a process related to the conventional adenoma pathway. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Pierre Sohier, Romain Sanson, Marjorie Leduc, Anne Audebourg, Cedric Broussard, et al.. Proteome analysis of formalin‐fixed paraffin‐embedded colorectal adenomas reveals the heterogeneous nature of traditional serrated adenomas compared to other colorectal adenomas: Proteomic characterization of colorectal adenomas using FFPE samples. Journal of Pathology, Wiley, 2019, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1002/path.5366⟩. ⟨inserm-02372946⟩

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