Preoperative Inferior Mesenteric Artery Embolization is a Cost-effective Technique that May Reduce the Rate of Aneurysm Sac Diameter Enlargement and Reintervention After EVAR

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Type II endoleaks are the most common complications after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVARs). Some studies have shown the benefit of preventive inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) embolization, but its efficacy and cost-effectiveness continue to be controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of this procedure on the increase in aneurysmal sac diameter during follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent the embolization of the IMA before EVAR in our center, between January 2014 and July 2016, were included. We retrospectively compared the diameter of the aortic aneurysm sac, the rate of endoleak and reinterventions, and the theoretical cost of management between these patients (group 2) and a historical cohort of patients treated for EVAR before January 2014 who did not undergo prior IMA embolization (group 1). RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-four patients were retrospectively analyzed. After exclusion, we compared a group of 37 embolized patients with a control group of 46 patients. The rate of enlargement in the aneurysmal sac diameter was significantly higher in the control group at 2 years (27.9% vs. 4.3%, P = 0.025). The type II endoleak rate at 2 years was significantly higher in the control group (53.1% vs. 18.2%, P = 0.012), as was the aneurysm-related reintervention rate (31.1% vs. 8.1%, P = 0.013). Multivariate analysis confirmed these results. At 2 years of follow-up, there was no difference in the overall cost of patient management between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Preventive IMA embolization is an effective, reliable, and cost-effective technique that seems to reduce the rate of the aneurysmal sac diameter enlargement, type II endoleak, and reinterventions after EVAR.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 5:31:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 14, 2019 - 1:37:06 AM

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Michaël Vaillant, Pierre-Antoine Barral, Julien Mancini, Mariangela de Masi, Laurence Bal, et al.. Preoperative Inferior Mesenteric Artery Embolization is a Cost-effective Technique that May Reduce the Rate of Aneurysm Sac Diameter Enlargement and Reintervention After EVAR. Annals of Vascular Surgery, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 60, pp.85-94. ⟨10.1016/j.avsg.2019.03.012⟩. ⟨inserm-02360333⟩

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