LKB1 as a Gatekeeper of Hepatocyte Proliferation and Genomic Integrity during Liver Regeneration

Abstract : Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is involved in several biological processes and is a key regulator of hepatic metabolism and polarity. Here, we demonstrate that the master kinase LKB1 plays a dual role in liver regeneration, independently of its major target, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We found that the loss of hepatic Lkb1 expression promoted hepatocyte proliferation acceleration independently of metabolic/energetic balance. LKB1 regulates G0/G1 progression, specifically by controlling epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling. Furthermore, later in regeneration, LKB1 controls mitotic fidelity. The deletion of Lkb1 results in major alterations to mitotic spindle formation along the polarity axis. Thus, LKB1 deficiency alters ploidy profile at late stages of regeneration. Our findings highlight the dual role of LKB1 in liver regeneration, as a guardian of hepatocyte proliferation and genomic integrity.
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Vanessa Maillet, Nadia Boussetta, Jocelyne Leclerc, Veronique Fauveau, Marc Foretz, et al.. LKB1 as a Gatekeeper of Hepatocyte Proliferation and Genomic Integrity during Liver Regeneration. Cell Reports , Elsevier Inc, 2018, 22 (8), pp.1994-2005. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2018.01.086⟩. ⟨inserm-02349915⟩

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