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SIRP α/CD 47 axis controls the maintenance of transplant tolerance sustained by myeloid‐derived suppressor cells

Abstract : Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are a heterogeneous population of immature hematopoietic precursors known to suppress immune responses. Interaction of SIRP alpha (SIRPα), expressed by myeloid cells, with the ubiquitous receptor CD47 is an important immune checkpoint of the innate response regulating macrophages and dendritic cells functions. We previously described that MDSC expressing SIRPα accumulated after transplantation and maintained kidney allograft tolerance. However, the role of the SIRPα/CD47 axis on MDSC function remained unknown. Here, we found that blocking SIRPα or CD47 with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) induced differentiation of MDSC into myeloid cells overexpressing MHC class II, CD86 costimulatory molecule and increased secretion of macrophage-recruiting chemokines (eg, MCP-1). Using a model of long-term kidney allograft tolerance sustained by MDSC, we observed that administration of blocking anti-SIRPα or CD47 mAbs induced graft dysfunction and rejection. Loss of tolerance came along with significant decrease of MDSC and increase in MCP-1 concentration in the periphery. Graft histological and transcriptomic analyses revealed an inflammatory (M1) macrophagic signature at rejection associated with overexpression of MCP-1 mRNA and protein in the graft. These findings indicate that the SIRPα-CD47 axis regulates the immature phenotype and chemokine secretion of MDSC and contributes to the induction and the active maintenance of peripheral acquired immune tolerance.
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Contributor : Sylvie Le Bihan Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 29, 2019 - 9:42:29 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:39:11 AM



Sabrina Pengam, Justine Durand, Claire Usal, Vanessa Gauttier, Nahzli Dilek, et al.. SIRP α/CD 47 axis controls the maintenance of transplant tolerance sustained by myeloid‐derived suppressor cells. American Journal of Transplantation, Wiley, 2019, ⟨10.1111/ajt.15497⟩. ⟨inserm-02336708⟩



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