Regenerative Effect of Platelet Concentrates in Oral and Craniofacial Regeneration

Abstract : Platelet concentrates (PCs) are biological autologous products derived from the patient's whole blood and consist mainly of supraphysiologic concentration of platelets and growth factors (GFs). These GFs have anti-inflammatory and healing enhancing properties. Overall, PCs seem to enhance bone and soft tissue healing in alveolar ridge augmentation, periodontal surgery, socket preservation, implant surgery, endodontic regeneration, sinus augmentation, bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), osteoradionecrosis, closure of oroantral communication (OAC), and oral ulcers. On the other hand, no effect was reported for gingival recession and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) procedures. Also, PCs could reduce pain and inflammatory complications in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), oral ulcers, and extraction sockets. However, these effects have been clinically inconsistent across the literature. Differences in study designs and types of PCs used with variable concentration of platelets, GFs, and leucocytes, as well as different application forms and techniques could explain these contradictory results. This study aims to review the clinical applications of PCs in oral and craniofacial tissue regeneration and the role of their molecular components in tissue healing.
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Faez Saleh Al-Hamed, Mohammed Mahri, Haider Al-Waeli, Jesus Torres, Zahi Badran, et al.. Regenerative Effect of Platelet Concentrates in Oral and Craniofacial Regeneration. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, Frontiers Media, 2019, 6, pp.126. ⟨10.3389/fcvm.2019.00126⟩. ⟨inserm-02297881⟩

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