Short- and long-term administration of the non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist finerenone opposes metabolic syndrome-related cardio-renal dysfunction

Abstract : Aim: To determine whether non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists oppose metabolic syndrome-related end-organ, i.e. cardiac, damage. Materials and methods: In Zucker fa/fa rats, a rat model of metabolic syndrome, we assessed the effects of the non-steroidal MR antagonist finerenone (oral 2 mg/kg/day) on left ventricular (LV) function, haemodynamics and remodelling (using echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging and biochemical methods). Results: Long-term (90 days) finerenone modified neither systolic blood pressure nor heart rate, but reduced LV end-diastolic pressure and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship, without modifying LV end-systolic pressure and LV end-systolic pressure-volume relationship. Simultaneously , long-term finerenone reduced both LV systolic and diastolic diameters, associated with reductions in LV weight and LV collagen density, while proteinuria and renal nGAL expression were reduced. Short-term (7 days) finerenone improved LV haemodynamics and reduced LV systolic diameter, without modifying LV diastolic diameter. Moreover, short-term finerenone increased myocardial tissue perfusion and reduced myocardial reactive oxygen species, while plasma nitrite levels, an indicator of nitric oxide (NO) bio-availability, were increased. Conclusions: In rats with metabolic syndrome, the non-steroidal MR antagonist finerenone opposed metabolic syndrome-related diastolic cardiac dysfunction and nephropathy. This involved acute effects, such as improved myocardial perfusion, reduced oxidative stress/ increased NO bioavailability, as well as long-term effects, such as modifications in the myocar-dial structure. K E Y W O R D S animal pharmacology, cardiovascular disease, diabetes complications, drug development, experimental pharmacology, type 2 diabetes
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Marianne Lachaux Bs, Jonatan Barrera-Chimal, Lionel Nicol, Isabelle Remy-Jouet, Sylvanie Renet, et al.. Short- and long-term administration of the non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist finerenone opposes metabolic syndrome-related cardio-renal dysfunction. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Wiley, 2018, 20 (10), pp.2399-2407. ⟨10.1111/dom.13393⟩. ⟨inserm-02296612⟩

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