Impact of the acute local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on diabetic skin microcirculatory dysfunction

Abstract : The impact of the local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase, which metabolizes vasodilator and anti-inflammatory epoxyeicosanoids, on diabetic skin microvascular dysfunction was assessed. In diabetic db/db mice, basal skin blood flow assessed using laser Doppler imaging was similar to that of control mice, but thermal hyperemia was markedly reduced. At 2 h after the topical administration of an aqueous gel containing the soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (t-AUCB: 400 mg/L), the peak concentration of t-AUCB was detected in the skin of diabetic mice, which quickly decreased thereafter. In parallel, 2 h after application of t-AUCB treatment, thermal hyperemia was increased compared to the control gel. Quantification of t-AUCB in plasma of treated animals showed no or low systemic diffusion. Furthermore, haematoxylin and eosin histological staining of skin biopsies showed that skin integrity was preserved in t-AUCB-treated mice. Finally, for pig ear skin, a surrogate for human skin, using Franz diffusion cells, we observed a continuous diffusion of t-AUCB from 2 h after application to beyond 24 h. A single topical administration of a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor improves microcirculatory function in the skin of db/db mice and might represent a new therapeutic approach for preventing the development of skin complications in diabetic patients.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 25, 2019 - 12:36:24 PM
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Yann Savina, Thomas Duflot, Frédéric Bounoure, Sylvain Kotzki, Pierre-Alain Thiébaut, et al.. Impact of the acute local inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on diabetic skin microcirculatory dysfunction. Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, SAGE Publications, 2019, Epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1177/1479164119860215⟩. ⟨inserm-02296607⟩

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