Reservoir computing model of prefrontal cortex creates novel combinations of previous navigation sequences from hippocampal place-cell replay with spatial reward propagation

Abstract : As rats learn to search for multiple sources of food or water in a complex environment, they generate increasingly efficient trajectories between reward sites. Such spatial navigation capacity involves the replay of hippocampal place-cells during awake states, generating small sequences of spatially related place-cell activity that we call "snippets". These snippets occur primarily during sharp-wave-ripples (SWRs). Here we focus on the role of such replay events, as the animal is learning a traveling salesperson task (TSP) across multiple trials. We hypothesize that snippet replay generates synthetic data that can substantially expand and restructure the experience available and make learning more optimal. We developed a model of snippet generation that is modulated by reward, propagated in the forward and reverse directions. This implements a form of spatial credit assignment for reinforcement learning. We use a biologically motivated computational framework known as 'reservoir computing' to model prefrontal cortex (PFC) in sequence learning, in which large pools of prewired neural elements process information dynamically through reverberations. This PFC model consolidates snippets into larger spatial sequences that may be later recalled by subsets of the original sequences. Our simulation experiments provide neurophysiological explanations for two pertinent observations related to navigation. Reward modulation allows the system to reject non-optimal segments of experienced trajectories, and reverse replay allows the system to "learn" trajectories that it has not physically experienced, both of which significantly contribute to the TSP behavior.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [50 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02274998
Contributor : Myriam Bodescot <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 30, 2019 - 2:19:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 24, 2019 - 3:31:04 PM

File

journal.pcbi.1006624.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Nicolas Cazin, Martin Alonso, Pablo Chiodi, Tatiana Pelc, Bruce Harland, et al.. Reservoir computing model of prefrontal cortex creates novel combinations of previous navigation sequences from hippocampal place-cell replay with spatial reward propagation. PLoS Computational Biology, Public Library of Science, 2019, 15 (7), pp.e1006624. ⟨10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006624⟩. ⟨inserm-02274998⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

61

Files downloads

95