An old medicine as a new drug to prevent mitochondrial complex I from producing oxygen radicals

Abstract : FINDINGS: Here, we demonstrate that OP2113 (5-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione, CAS 532-11-6), synthesized and used as a drug since 1696, does not act as an unspecific antioxidant molecule (i.e., as a radical scavenger) but unexpectedly decreases mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS/H2O2) production by acting as a specific inhibitor of ROS production at the IQ site of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Studies performed on isolated rat heart mitochondria also showed that OP2113 does not affect oxidative phosphorylation driven by complex I or complex II substrates. We assessed the effect of OP2113 on an infarct model of ex vivo rat heart in which mitochondrial ROS production is highly involved and showed that OP2113 protects heart tissue as well as the recovery of heart contractile activity. CONCLUSION / SIGNIFICANCE: This work represents the first demonstration of a drug authorized for use in humans that can prevent mitochondria from producing ROS/H2O2. OP2113 therefore appears to be a member of the new class of mitochondrial ROS blockers (S1QELs) and could protect mitochondrial function in numerous diseases in which ROS-induced mitochondrial dysfunction occurs. These applications include but are not limited to aging, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, cardiac atrial fibrillation, and ischemia-reperfusion injury.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 29, 2019 - 11:20:53 AM
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Dominique Detaille, Philippe Pasdois, Audrey Sémont, Pierre Santos, Philippe Diolez. An old medicine as a new drug to prevent mitochondrial complex I from producing oxygen radicals. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (5), pp.e0216385. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0216385⟩. ⟨inserm-02196657⟩

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