Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer’s disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2019

Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer’s disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) β-amyloid peptide (Aβ42) and CSF Tau in a large population of patients referred to memory clinics for investigation of cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: We analyzed Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers in CSF taken from 3565 patients referred to 18 French memory clinics. Patients were classified into four profiles according to levels of CSF biomarkers (A: amyloidosis, N: neurodegeneration). The association between CSF Tau and CSF Aβ42 were analyzed using general linear regression models, in the overall population and stratified by biomarkers profiles. We compared linear and quadratic models using Akaike information criterion. We also assessed change in biomarker profiles in a subset of patients who had 2 assessments of biomarkers. RESULTS: CSF Tau was negatively associated with CSF Aβ42 in the overall population, following a non-linear quadratic model. However, the nature of this association was different in the 4 profiles: positive association in A-N- profile, negative association in A-N+ and A+N+ profiles, lack of association in A+N- patients. When considering patients with longitudinal data on profiles, 36% of those initially classified as A-N+ evolved to an A+N+ profile. CONCLUSIONS: The nature of the association between CSF Aβ42 and CFS Tau depends on the A/N profiles of patients. These results suggest an increase in CSF Aβ42 early in the disease before its decline while tau pathology progresses, this pattern is particularly observed in non-APOE4 subjects. This phenomenon may explain why some patients with neurodegeneration only markers convert to an AD profile (A+N+) over time.
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inserm-02195482 , version 1 (26-07-2019)

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Aysha S Mohamed Lafirdeen, Emmanuel Cognat, Severine Sabia, Claire Hourregue, Matthieu Lilamand, et al.. Biomarker profiles of Alzheimer’s disease and dynamic of the association between cerebrospinal fluid levels of β-amyloid peptide and tau. PLoS ONE, 2019, 14 (5), pp.e0217026. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0217026⟩. ⟨inserm-02195482⟩
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