Selected serum microRNA, abdominal aortic calcification and risk of osteoporotic fracture

Abstract : CONTEXT: MicroRNA (miRNA) regulate post-transcriptionally the expression of osteogenesis and angiogenesis associated genes and emerge as potential non-invasive biomarkers in vascular and bone diseases. Severe abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular event and of fragility fracture. OBJECTIVE: To identify miRNA linked to the aggravation of AAC and to incident osteoporotic fracture. DESIGN: Postmenopausal women (>50 years) with available serum at inclusion and data for each outcome (Kauppila score and incident fracture) were selected from the OFELY prospective cohort. We conducted a case-control study in 434 age-matched women, 50% with incident osteoporotic fracture over 20 years of follow-up and a second study in 183 women to explore AAC over 17 years. METHODS: Serum expression of three miRNA involved in vascular calcification and bone turnover regulation (miRs-26a-5p,-34a-5p, and -223-5p) was quantified at baseline by TaqMan Advanced miRNA technology and expressed by relative quantification. Outcomes were the association of miRNA levels with (1) incident osteoporotic fractures during 20 years, (2) AAC aggravation during 17 years. RESULTS: MiRNA level was not associated with incident fractures (miR-26a-5p: 1.06 vs 0.99, p = 0.07; miR-34a-5p: 1.15 vs 1.26, p = 0.35; miR-223a-5p: 1.01 vs 1.05, p = 0.32). 93 women had an increase in Kauppila score over 17 years while 90 did not. None of the miRNAs was associated with an aggravation in AAC (miR-26a-5p: 1.09 vs 1.10, p = 0.95; miR-34a-5p: 0.78 vs 0.73, p = 0.90; miR-223-5p: 0.97 vs 0.78, p = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating miR-26a-5p, -34a-5p and -223-5p are not significantly associated with incident fracture and AAC aggravation.
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Marie-Eva Pickering, Marjorie Millet, Jean-Charles Rousseau, Martine Croset, Pawel Szulc, et al.. Selected serum microRNA, abdominal aortic calcification and risk of osteoporotic fracture. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (5), pp.e0216947. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0216947⟩. ⟨inserm-02194889⟩

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