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MICA Variant Promotes Allosensitization after Kidney Transplantation

Abstract : MHC class I-related chain A (MICA) antigens are surface glycoproteins strongly implicated in innate immunity , and the MICA gene is highly polymorphic. Clinical observations suggest a role for donor MICA antigens expressed on transplant endothelial cells in the alloimmune response, but the effect of MICA genotype is not well understood. Here, we investigated the immunologic effect of the A5.1 mutation, related to the common MICA*008 allele. Compared with wild-type endothelial cells (ECs), homozygosity for MICA A5.1 associated with an endothelial phenotype characterized by 7-to 10-fold higher levels of MICA mRNA and MICA proteins at the cell surface, as well as exclusive release in exosomes instead of enzymatic cleavage. Mechanistically, we did not detect quantitative changes in regulatory microRNAs. Functionally, A5.1 ECs enhanced NKG2D interaction and natural killer cell activation, promoting NKG2D-dependent lysis of ECs. In kidney transplant recipients, polyreactive anti-MICA sera bound preferentially to ECs from MICA A5.1 donors, suggesting that MICA*008(A5.1) molecules are the preferential antigenic determinants on ECs of grafts. Furthermore, the incidence of MICA A5.1 mismatch revealed a statistically significant association between donor MICA A5.1 and both anti-MICA sensitization and increased pro-teinuria in kidney recipients. Taken together, these results identify the A5.1 mutation as an immunodo-minant factor and a potential risk factor for transplant survival.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2019 - 11:53:22 AM
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Pierre Tonnerre, Nathalie Gérard, Mathias Chatelais, Caroline Poli, Stéphanie Allard, et al.. MICA Variant Promotes Allosensitization after Kidney Transplantation. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Nephrology, 2013, 24 (6), pp.954-966. ⟨10.1681/ASN.2012080814⟩. ⟨inserm-02165869⟩



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