G. W. Ainslie, Impulse control in pigeons, J Exp Anal Behav, vol.21, issue.3, pp.485-489, 1974.

N. Broos, L. Schmaal, J. Wiskerke, L. Kostelijk, T. Lam et al., The relationship between impulsive choice and impulsive action: a cross-species translational study, PLoS One, vol.7, issue.5, p.36781, 2012.

R. N. Cardinal, N. Daw, T. W. Robbins, and B. J. Everitt, Local analysis of behaviour in the adjusting-delay task for assessing choice of delayed reinforcement, Neural Netw, vol.15, issue.4-6, pp.617-634, 2002.

R. N. Cardinal, T. W. Robbins, and B. J. Everitt, The effects of d-amphetamine, chlordiazepoxide, alphaflupenthixol and behavioural manipulations on choice of signalled and unsignalled delayed reinforcement in rats, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.152, issue.4, pp.362-375, 2000.

A. R. Craig, A. D. Maxfield, J. S. Stein, C. R. Renda, and G. J. Madden, Do the adjusting-delay and increasingdelay tasks measure the same construct: delay discounting?, Behav Pharmacol, vol.25, issue.4, pp.306-315, 2014.

H. De-wit, J. L. Enggasser, and J. B. Richards, Acute administration of d-amphetamine decreases impulsivity in healthy volunteers, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.27, issue.5, pp.813-825, 2002.

H. De-wit and J. B. Richards, Dual determinants of drug use in humans: reward and impulsivity, Nebr Symp Motiv, vol.50, pp.19-55, 2004.

L. Diergaarde, T. Pattij, I. Poortvliet, F. Hogenboom, W. De-vries et al., , 2008.

, Impulsive choice and impulsive action predict vulnerability to distinct stages of nicotine seeking in rats, Biol Psychiatry, vol.63, issue.3, pp.301-308

J. L. Evenden and C. N. Ryan, The pharmacology of impulsive behaviour in rats: the effects of drugs on response choice with varying delays of reinforcement, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.128, issue.2, pp.161-170, 1996.

J. L. Evenden and C. N. Ryan, The pharmacology of impulsive behaviour in rats VI: the effects of ethanol and selective serotonergic drugs on response choice with varying delays of reinforcement, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.146, issue.4, pp.413-421, 1999.

S. B. Floresco, M. T. Tse, and S. Ghods-sharifi, Dopaminergic and glutamatergic regulation of effortand delay-based decision making, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.33, issue.8, pp.1966-1979, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.npp.1301565

URL : https://www.nature.com/articles/1301565.pdf

S. Ghods-sharifi and S. B. Floresco, Differential effects on effort discounting induced by inactivations of the nucleus accumbens core or shell, Behav Neurosci, vol.124, issue.2, pp.179-191, 2010.

Z. Kurth-nelson and A. D. Redish, Temporal-difference reinforcement learning with distributed representations, PLoS One, vol.4, issue.10, p.7362, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0007362

URL : https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0007362&type=printable

R. F. Leeman and M. N. Potenza, Similarities and differences between pathological gambling and substance use disorders: a focus on impulsivity and compulsivity, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.219, issue.2, pp.469-490, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00213-011-2550-7

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc3249521?pdf=render

G. J. Madden, N. M. Petry, G. J. Badger, and W. K. Bickel, Impulsive and self-control choices in opioiddependent patients and non-drug-using control participants: drug and monetary rewards, Exp Clin Psychopharmacol, vol.5, issue.3, pp.256-262, 1997.
DOI : 10.1037/1064-1297.5.3.256

J. E. Mazur and D. R. Biondi, Effects of time between trials on rats' and pigeons' choices with probabilistic delayed reinforcers, J Exp Anal Behav, vol.95, issue.1, pp.41-56, 2011.

J. E. Mazur and D. Coe, Tests of transitivity in choices between fixed and variable reinforcer delays, J Exp Anal Behav, vol.47, issue.3, pp.287-297, 1987.

M. R. Mitchell, V. G. Weiss, D. J. Ouimet, R. A. Fuchs, D. Morgan et al., Intake-dependent effects of cocaine self-administration on impulsive choice in a delay discounting task, Behav Neurosci, vol.128, issue.4, pp.419-429, 2014.

J. Monterosso, R. Ehrman, K. L. Napier, C. P. O'brien, and A. R. Childress, Three decision-making tasks in cocaine-dependent patients: do they measure the same construct?, Addiction, vol.96, issue.12, pp.1825-1837, 2001.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.9612182512.x

V. M. Namboodiri, S. Mihalas, H. Shuler, and M. G. , A temporal basis for Weber's law in value perception, Front Integr Neurosci, vol.8, p.79, 2014.
DOI : 10.3389/fnint.2014.00079

URL : https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnint.2014.00079/pdf

A. L. Odum, Delay discounting: trait variable?, Behav Processes, vol.87, issue.1, pp.1-9, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.beproc.2011.02.007

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc3266171?pdf=render

A. E. Papale, J. J. Stott, N. J. Powell, P. S. Regier, and A. D. Redish, Interactions between deliberation and delay-discounting in rats, Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci, vol.12, issue.3, pp.513-526, 2012.
DOI : 10.3758/s13415-012-0097-7

URL : https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.3758%2Fs13415-012-0097-7.pdf

T. Pattij, D. Schetters, M. C. Janssen, J. Wiskerke, and A. N. Schoffelmeer, Acute effects of morphine on distinct forms of impulsive behavior in rats, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.205, issue.3, pp.489-502, 2009.

J. L. Perry, E. B. Larson, J. P. German, G. J. Madden, and M. E. Carroll, Impulsivity (delay discounting) as a predictor of acquisition of IV cocaine self-administration in female rats, Psychopharmacology (Berl), vol.178, issue.2-3, pp.193-201, 2005.

J. L. Perry, D. J. Stairs, and M. T. Bardo, Impulsive choice and environmental enrichment: effects of damphetamine and methylphenidate, Behav Brain Res, vol.193, issue.1, pp.48-54, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bbr.2008.04.019

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc2681296?pdf=render

N. W. Simon, I. A. Mendez, and B. Setlow, Cocaine exposure causes long-term increases in impulsive choice, Behav Neurosci, vol.121, issue.3, pp.543-549, 2007.
DOI : 10.1037/0735-7044.121.3.543

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc2581406?pdf=render

J. M. Slezak and K. G. Anderson, Effects of variable training, signaled and unsignaled delays, and damphetamine on delay-discounting functions, Behav Pharmacol, vol.20, issue.5-6, pp.424-436, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/fbp.0b013e3283305ef9

J. R. St-onge and S. B. Floresco, Dopaminergic modulation of risk-based decision making, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.34, issue.3, pp.681-697, 2009.

J. J. Stanis, R. M. Burns, L. K. Sherrill, and J. M. Gulley, Disparate cocaine-induced locomotion as a predictor of choice behavior in rats trained in a delay-discounting task, Drug Alcohol Depend, vol.98, issue.1-2, pp.54-62, 2008.

M. M. Van-gaalen, R. Van-koten, A. N. Schoffelmeer, and L. J. Vanderschuren, Critical involvement of dopaminergic neurotransmission in impulsive decision making, Biol Psychiatry, vol.60, issue.1, pp.66-73, 2006.

A. M. Wikenheiser, D. W. Stephens, and A. D. Redish, Subjective costs drive overly patient foraging strategies in rats on an intertemporal foraging task, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol.110, issue.20, pp.8308-8313, 2013.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1220738110

URL : http://www.pnas.org/content/110/20/8308.full.pdf

C. A. Winstanley, D. E. Theobald, R. N. Cardinal, and T. W. Robbins, Contrasting roles of basolateral amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex in impulsive choice, J Neurosci, vol.24, issue.20, pp.4718-4722, 2004.

, G) percent choice, (H) AUC and (I) the Mean Daily Delay. Data are expressed as mean ±