Ikaros cooperates with Notch activation and antagonizes TGFβ signaling to promote pDC development

Abstract : Plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells (pDCs and cDCs) arise from monocyte and dendritic progenitors (MDPs) and common dendritic progenitors (CDPs) through gene expression changes that remain partially understood. Here we show that the Ikaros transcription factor is required for DC development at multiple stages. Ikaros cooperates with Notch pathway activation to maintain the homeostasis of MDPs and CDPs. Ikaros then antagonizes TGFβ function to promote pDC differentiation from CDPs. Strikingly, Ikaros-deficient CDPs and pDCs express a cDC-like transcriptional signature that is correlated with TGFβ activation, suggesting that Ikaros is an upstream negative regulator of the TGFβ pathway and a repressor of cDC-lineage genes in pDCs. Almost all of these phenotypes can be rescued by short-term in vitro treatment with γ-secretase inhibitors, which affects both TGFβ-dependent and -independent pathways, but is Notch-independent. We conclude that Ikaros is a crucial differentiation factor in early dendritic progenitors that is required for pDC identity.
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Jérôme Mastio, Célestine Simand, Giovanni Cova, Philippe Kastner, Susan Chan, et al.. Ikaros cooperates with Notch activation and antagonizes TGFβ signaling to promote pDC development. PLoS Genetics, Public Library of Science, 2018, 14 (7), pp.e1007485. ⟨10.1371/journal.pgen.1007485⟩. ⟨inserm-02157517⟩

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