Sialylation of antibodies in kidney recipients with de novo donor specific antibody, with or without antibody mediated rejection

Abstract : BACKGROUND: DSA are associated with reduced long-term transplant function and increased prevalence of chronic rejection in some patients, whereas others do not: our goal was to determine whether the sialylation of IgG and DSA could help to explain in these last cases their "non-aggressive" and/or "protective" biological activity. METHODS: The sialylation level of total IgG in blood from two groups of kidney-transplant patients with de novo DSA, one with an AMR (DSA+AMR+), and the other without were studied. RESULTS: In the DSA+AMR- patients total IgG were more sialylated at time of transplant, and at the first detection of DSA, class I DSA were 2.6-fold more sialylated (mean 9.943±1.801 versus 3.898±2.475, p=0.058); DSA+AMR+ patients exhibited higher levels of class II DSA. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, higher levels of sialylated IgG are detectable on day of transplant in patients who do not develop AMR, they have higher sialylated class I DSA at the initial detection of DSA, whereas class II DSA are significantly higher in patients who develop AMR. This is the first report suggesting that transplant outcome, and particularly AMR, is associated with levels of sialylated IgG antibodies. Our data suggest that DSA are functionally heterogeneous and that further studies with an enlarged cohort may improve our understanding of their clinical impact.
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Stéphanie Malard-Castagnet, Emilie Dugast, Nicolas Degauque, Annaïck Pallier, Jean Soulillou, et al.. Sialylation of antibodies in kidney recipients with de novo donor specific antibody, with or without antibody mediated rejection. Human Immunology, Elsevier, 2016, 77 (11), pp.1076-1083. ⟨10.1016/j.humimm.2015.10.021⟩. ⟨inserm-02153149⟩

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