A rapid, simple and sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay to determine amoxicillin concentrations in biological matrix of little volume

Abstract : To assess pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin (AMX) in mice, limitations such as a small sampling volume and low drug concentrations have to be addressed. Similar challenges are faced in a clinical framework, e.g. for therapeutic drug monitoring in neonates or small-scale in vitro investigations. An assay enabling quantification of small sample volumes but still at very low concentrations covering a broad concentration range is thus needed. A simple, rapid and highly sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and successfully validated for quantification of AMX in mouse serum according to European Medicines Agency guidelines. Sample preparation enabled the use of only 10 μL of serum, which is 5-fold less than comparable assays and allows to reduce the number of mice used in pharmacokinetic studies. After protein precipitation with 40 μL chilled methanol and dilution of the supernatant with water, the sample was injected into the LC system on a Poroshell 120 Phenyl Hexyl column (2.1 × 100 mm, 2.7 μm). Chromatographic separation was achieved using a gradient method consisting of acetonitrile and ultra-pure water, both with 0.1% (V/V) formic acid. Positive electrospray ionisation in multiple reaction monitoring mode was used for detection and quantification of AMX. Application to murine study samples demonstrated the reliability of the developed method being accurate and precise with a quantification range from 0.01 to 10 μg/mL. The assay is easily transferable due to a simple sample preparation and confirmed stability of AMX under various applied conditions.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02144087
Contributor : Jean-Claude Sirard <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 29, 2019 - 6:14:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 21, 2019 - 7:56:04 AM

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Sebastian Franck, Tania Fuhrmann-Selter, Jan Joseph, Robin Michelet, Fiordiligie Casilag, et al.. A rapid, simple and sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry assay to determine amoxicillin concentrations in biological matrix of little volume. Talanta, Elsevier, 2019, 201, pp.253-258. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2019.03.098⟩. ⟨inserm-02144087⟩

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