Allergic conditions and risk of glioma and meningioma in the CERENAT case-control study

Abstract : Inverse association between allergic conditions and glioma risk has been consistently reported in epidemiological studies with little attention paid to potential environmental confounders; the association with meningioma risk is less consistent. We examined the association between allergy history and risk of glioma and meningioma in adults using data from the CERENAT (CEREbral tumors: a NATional study) multicenter case-control study carried out in 4 areas in France in 2004-2010. Participants' histories of doctor-diagnosed allergic asthma, eczema, rhinitis/hay fever and other allergic conditions were collected at onset through a detailed questionnaire delivered in a face-to-face interview. Conditional logistic regression for matched sets was adjusted for participants' educational level and mobile phone use. A total of 273 glioma cases, 218 meningioma cases and 982 matched controls selected from the local electoral rolls were analyzed. A significant inverse association was found between glioma and a history of any allergy (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.36-0.75), with a dose-effect relationship with the number of allergic conditions reported (p-trend = 0.001) and a particularly strong association with hay fever/allergic rhinitis (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.30-0.72). Interestingly, associations with glioma risk were more pronounced in women. For meningioma, no association was observed with overall or specific allergic conditions. Our findings confirmed the inverse association between allergic conditions and glioma risk but questioned the role of allergy in meningioma risk. Future research is needed to clarify the biological mechanism of overall allergy and allergic rhinitis on glioma and to confirm the different effect by gender.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02095240
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 10, 2019 - 12:01:59 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 14, 2019 - 2:36:33 PM

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Camille Pouchieu, Chantal Raherison, Clément Piel, Lucile Migault, Camille Carles, et al.. Allergic conditions and risk of glioma and meningioma in the CERENAT case-control study. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 138 (2), pp.271-281. ⟨10.1007/s11060-018-2816-6⟩. ⟨inserm-02095240⟩

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