Adéquation des consommations alimentaires des femmes enceintes de l’étude ELFE aux recommandations du Programme national nutrition santé

Abstract : Objectives To assess the adherence of dietary intake to PNNS guidelines among French pregnant women and to identify the main demographic and socioeconomic factors associated. Methods From the maternity questionnaire of 14,051 women from the ELFE study, a score of adherence to adult guidelines (PNNS score) and a score of adherence to guidelines specific to pregnant women (pregnancy score) were built and related to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics by multivariable linear regressions. Results The median PNNS score (0–11 scale) was 7.8 and the median pregnancy score (0–10 scale) was 7.7. Both scores were positively associated with woman's age, education level, income and attendance to birth preparation courses. Both scores were higher among women born abroad, primiparous and with low BMI. Conclusion These findings highlight the need to take demographic and socioeconomic characteristics into account to enhance communication on PNNS guidelines among at risk groups.
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Manik Kadawathagedara, Claire Kersuzan, Sandra Wagner, Christine Tichit, Séverine Gojard, et al.. Adéquation des consommations alimentaires des femmes enceintes de l’étude ELFE aux recommandations du Programme national nutrition santé. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 52 (2), pp.78-88. ⟨10.1016/j.cnd.2016.12.001⟩. ⟨inserm-02093502⟩

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