C. Agostoni, C. Braegger, T. Decsi, S. Kolacek, B. Koletzko et al., Breast-feeding: A commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol.49, issue.1, pp.112-125, 2009.

J. Anabrees, F. Indrio, B. Paes, and K. Alfaleh, Probiotics for infantile colic: a systematic review, BMC Pediatr, vol.13, p.186, 2013.

B. Blondel, N. Lelong, M. Kermarrec, and F. Goffinet, Trends in perinatal health in France from 1995 to 2010. Results from the French National Perinatal Surveys, Obstétrique Et Biologie De La Reproduction, vol.41, issue.4, pp.1-15, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00857949

O. Brunser, G. Figueroa, M. Gotteland, E. Haschke-becher, C. Magliola et al.,

F. Haschke, Effects of probiotic or prebiotic supplemented milk formulas on fecal microbiota composition of infants, Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, vol.15, issue.3, pp.368-376, 2006.

H. C. Chao and Y. Vandenplas, Effect of cereal-thickened formula and upright positioning on regurgitation, gastric emptying, and weight gain in infants with regurgitation, Nutrition, vol.23, issue.1, pp.23-28, 2007.

D. Chrzanowska-liszewska, J. Seliga-siwecka, and M. K. Kornacka, The effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG supplemented enteral feeding on the microbiotic flora of preterm infants-double blinded randomized control trial, Early human development, vol.88, issue.1, pp.57-60, 2012.

C. A. Cuello-garcia, J. L. Brozek, A. Fiocchi, R. Pawankar, J. J. Yepes-nunez et al., Probiotics for the prevention of allergy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol.136, issue.4, pp.952-961, 2015.

S. B. Fein, J. Labiner-wolfe, K. S. Scanlon, and L. M. Grummer-strawn, Selected complementary feeding practices and their association with maternal education, Pediatrics, vol.122, issue.2, pp.91-97, 2008.

M. Fewtrell, J. Bronsky, C. Campoy, M. Domellof, N. Embleton et al.,

C. Molgaard, Complementary Feeding: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol.64, issue.1, pp.119-132, 2017.

J. P. Girardet, M. Rivero, J. Orbegozo, T. David, S. Boulanger et al.,

V. Marin, Growth and tolerance in infants fed an infant formula based on hydrolyzed rice proteins, Arch Pediatr, vol.20, issue.3, pp.323-328, 2013.

A. Horvath, P. Dziechciarz, and H. Szajewska, The effect of thickened-feed interventions on gastroesophageal reflux in infants: systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized, controlled trials, Pediatrics, vol.122, issue.6, pp.1268-1277, 2008.

F. Indrio, A. Di-mauro, G. Riezzo, E. Civardi, C. Intini et al., Prophylactic use of a probiotic in the prevention of colic, regurgitation, and functional constipation: a randomized clinical trial, JAMA Pediatr, vol.168, issue.3, pp.228-233, 2014.

G. Kanny, D. A. Moneret-vautrin, J. Flabbee, R. Hatahet, J. M. Virion et al., Use of an amino-acid-based formula in the treatment of cow's milk protein allergy and multiple food allergy syndrome, 2002.

, Allerg Immunol (Paris), vol.34, issue.3, pp.82-84

C. Kersuzan, S. Gojard, C. Tichit, X. Thierry, S. Wagner et al.,

B. De-lauzonguillain, Prévalence de l'allaitement à la maternité selon les caractéristiques des parents et les conditions de l'accouchement. Résultats de l'enquête Elfe Maternité, France métropolitaine, Bulletin Epiémiologique Hebdomadaire, vol.27, pp.440-449, 2011.

B. Koletzko, E. Lien, C. Agostoni, H. Bohles, C. Campoy et al., The roles of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy, lactation and infancy: review of current knowledge and consensus recommendations, J Perinat Med, vol.36, issue.1, pp.5-14, 2008.

B. Koletzko, R. Von-kries, R. Closa, J. Escribano, S. Scaglioni et al.,

V. Grote, Lower protein in infant formula is associated with lower weight up to age 2 y: a randomized clinical trial, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.89, issue.6, pp.1836-1845, 2009.

S. Koletzko, B. Niggemann, A. Arato, J. A. Dias, R. Heuschkel et al., Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol.55, issue.2, pp.221-229, 2012.

M. S. Kramer and R. Kakuma, The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. A systematic review, 2001.

F. Mcandrew, J. Thompson, L. Fellows, A. Large, M. Speed et al., Effects of cow milk versus extensive protein hydrolysate formulas on infant cognitive development, Amino Acids, vol.48, issue.3, pp.697-705, 2012.

J. A. Mennella, A. K. Ventura, and G. K. Beauchamp, Differential growth patterns among healthy infants fed protein hydrolysate or cow-milk formulas, Pediatrics, vol.127, issue.1, pp.110-118, 2011.

M. N. Mugambi, A. Musekiwa, M. Lombard, T. Young, and R. Blaauw, Synbiotics, probiotics or prebiotics in infant formula for full term infants: a systematic review, Nutrition journal, vol.11, p.81, 2012.

A. Muraro, S. Halken, S. H. Arshad, K. Beyer, A. E. Dubois et al., EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines. Primary prevention of food allergy, Allergy, vol.69, issue.5, pp.590-601, 2014.

B. Niggemann, A. Berg, C. Bollrath, D. Berdel, U. Schauer et al., Safety and efficacy of a new extensively hydrolyzed formula for infants with cow's milk protein allergy, Pediatr Allergy Immunol, vol.19, issue.4, pp.348-354, 2008.

D. A. Osborn and J. Sinn, Formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infants, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, issue.4, 2006.

D. A. Osborn and J. K. Sinn, Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivity, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, issue.4, p.6475, 2007.

D. A. Osborn and J. K. Sinn, Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol.3, p.6474, 2013.

M. Reche, C. Pascual, A. Fiandor, I. Polanco, M. Rivero-urgell et al., The effect of a partially hydrolysed formula based on rice protein in the treatment of infants with cow's milk protein allergy, Pediatr Allergy Immunol, vol.21, issue.4, pp.577-585, 2010.

L. M. Rossen, A. E. Simon, and K. A. Herrick, Types of Infant Formulas Consumed in the United States, Clin Pediatr (Phila), 2015.

P. Rzehak, S. Sausenthaler, S. Koletzko, D. Reinhardt, A. Berg et al.,

G. I. Group and .. S. , Long-term effects of hydrolyzed protein infant formulas on growth--extended follow-up to 10 y of age: results from the German Infant Nutritional Intervention (GINI) study, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.94, issue.6, 2011.

B. Salanave, C. De-launay, J. Boudet-berquier, and K. Castetbon, , pp.450-457, 2014.

F. Savino, S. Ceratto, E. Poggi, M. E. Cartosio, L. Cordero-di-montezemolo et al., Preventive effects of oral probiotic on infantile colic: a prospective, randomised, blinded, controlled trial using Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938, Benef Microbes, vol.6, issue.3, pp.245-251, 2015.

S. Schiess, V. Grote, S. Scaglioni, V. Luque, F. Martin et al.,

B. Koletzko, Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countries, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol.50, issue.1, pp.92-98, 2010.

J. A. Scott, C. W. Binns, K. I. Graham, and W. H. Oddy, Predictors of the early introduction of solid foods in infants: results of a cohort study, BMC Pediatr, vol.9, p.60, 2009.

, Breastfeeding and the use of human milk, Section on Breastfeeding, vol.129, pp.827-841, 2012.

S. W. Terheggen-lagro, I. M. Khouw, A. Schaafsma, and E. A. Wauters, Safety of a new extensively hydrolysed formula in children with cow's milk protein allergy: a double blind crossover study, BMC Pediatr, vol.2, p.10, 2002.

D. Tey, K. J. Allen, R. L. Peters, J. J. Koplin, M. L. Tang et al., Population response to change in infant feeding guidelines for allergy prevention, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol.133, issue.2, pp.476-484, 2014.

Y. Vandenplas, E. De-greef, and A. S. Group, Extensive protein hydrolysate formula effectively reduces regurgitation in infants with positive and negative challenge tests for cow's milk allergy, Acta Paediatrica, vol.103, issue.6, 2014.

Y. Vandenplas, E. De-greef, B. Hauser, G. Paradice-study, and G. Study, An extensively hydrolysed rice protein-based formula in the management of infants with cow's milk protein allergy: preliminary results after 1 month, Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol.99, issue.10, pp.933-936, 2014.

Y. Vandenplas, S. Koletzko, E. Isolauri, D. Hill, A. P. Oranje et al.,

C. Dupont, Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy in infants, Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol.92, issue.10, pp.902-908, 2007.

Y. Vandenplas, C. D. Rudolph, C. Di-lorenzo, E. Hassall, G. Liptak et al.,

, Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux clinical practice guidelines: joint recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol.49, issue.4, pp.498-547, 2009.

Y. Vandenplas, I. Zakharova, and Y. Dmitrieva, Oligosaccharides in infant formula: more evidence to validate the role of prebiotics, British Journal of Nutrition, vol.113, issue.9, pp.1339-1344, 2015.

S. Vandentorren, C. Bois, C. Pirus, H. Sarter, G. Salines et al., Rationales, design and recruitment for the Elfe longitudinal study, BMC Pediatr, vol.9, p.58, 2009.

C. Venter and S. H. Arshad, Guideline fever: an overview of DRACMA, US NIAID and UK NICE guidelines, Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol, vol.12, issue.3, pp.302-315, 2012.

C. G. Victora, R. Bahl, A. J. Barros, G. V. Franca, S. Horton et al., Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect, Lancet Breastfeeding Series, vol.387, issue.15, pp.1024-1031, 2016.

S. Wagner, C. Kersuzan, S. Gojard, C. Tichit, S. Nicklaus et al., Durée de l'allaitement en France selon les caractéristiques des parents et de la naissance, Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire, vol.29, pp.522-532, 2011.

, All Chi-2 tests were significant with a p-value <0.0001. 1 from maternity unit or from child and maternal protection centers