Tetrafunctional Block Copolymers Promote Lung Gene Transfer in Newborn Piglets

Abstract : Tetrafunctional block copolymers are molecules capable of complexing DNA. Although ineffective in vitro, studies in mice have shown that the tetrafunctional block copolymer 704 is a more efficient lung gene transfer agent than the cationic liposome GL67A, previously used in a phase II clinical trial in cystic fibrosis patients. In the present study, we compared the gene transfer capacity of the 704-DNA formulation and a cationic liposome-DNA formulation equivalent to GL67A in a larger-animal model, the newborn piglet. Our results indicate an efficacy of the 704-DNA formulation well above one order of magnitude higher than that of the cationic liposome-DNA formulation, with no elevated levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), taken as a marker of inflammation. Transgene expression was heterogeneous within lung lobes, with expression levels that were below the detection threshold in some samples, while high in other samples. This heterogeneity is likely to be due to the bolus injection procedure as well as to the small volume of injection. The present study highlights the potential of tetrafunctional block copolymers as non-viral vectors for lung gene therapy.
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Ignacio Caballero, Mickaël Riou, Océane Hacquin, Claire Chevaleyre, Céline Barc, et al.. Tetrafunctional Block Copolymers Promote Lung Gene Transfer in Newborn Piglets. Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 16, pp.186-193. ⟨10.1016/j.omtn.2019.02.016⟩. ⟨inserm-02080870⟩

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