Gastroprotective effect of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) against ethanol-induced oxidative stress in rat

Abstract : BACKGROUND: We aimed in the present study, at investigating the gastroprotective effect of carob pods aqueous extract (CPAE) against ethanol-induced oxidative stress in rats as well as the mechanism implicated. METHODS: Adult male wistar rats were used and divided into six groups of ten each: control, EtOH (80% v/v, 4 g/kg b.w.), EtOH 80% + various doses of CPAE (500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg, b.w.) and EtOH + Famotidine (10 mg/kg, p.o.) Animals were perorally (p.o.) pre-treated with CPAE during 15 days and intoxicated with a single oral administration of EtOH (4 g/kg b.w.) for two hours. RESULTS: The colorimetric analysis demonstrated that the CPAE exhibited an importance in vitro antioxidant activity against ABTS and DPPH radicals. We found that CPAE pretreatment in vivo, protected against EtOH-induced macroscopic and histological changes induced in stomach mucosa. Carob extract administration also protected against alcohol-induced volume gastric juice decrease. More importantly, We showed that CPAE counteracted EtOH-induced gastric lipoperoxidation, reversed the decrease of sulfhydryl groups (-SH) an hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels, and prevented the depletion of antioxidant enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CPAE exerted a potential gastro-protective effect against EtOH-induced oxidative stress in rats, due in part, to its antioxidants properties.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [58 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02066456
Contributor : Myriam Bodescot <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 13, 2019 - 2:09:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 12:10:03 PM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 4:25:10 PM

File

12906_2015_Article_819.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Kais Rtibi, Mohamed Jabri, Slimen Selmi, Abdelaziz Souli, Hichem Sebai, et al.. Gastroprotective effect of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) against ethanol-induced oxidative stress in rat. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, BioMed Central, 2015, 15, pp.292. ⟨10.1186/s12906-015-0819-9⟩. ⟨inserm-02066456⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

50

Files downloads

119