Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Laponite nanoparticle-associated silated hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose as an injectable reinforced interpenetrating network hydrogel for cartilage tissue engineering

Abstract : Articular cartilage is a connective tissue which does not spontaneously heal. To address this issue, biomaterial-assisted cell therapy has been researched with promising advances. The lack of strong mechanical properties is still a concern despite significant progress in three-dimensional scaffolds. This article's objective was to develop a composite hydrogel using a small amount of nano-reinforcement clay known as laponites. These laponites were capable of self-setting within the gel structure of the silated hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (Si-HPMC) hydrogel. Laponites (XLG) were mixed with Si-HPMC to prepare composite hydrogels leading to the development of a hybrid interpenetrating network. This interpenetrating network increases the mechanical properties of the hydrogel. The in vitro investigations showed no side effects from the XLG regarding cytocompatibility or oxygen diffusion within the composite after cross-linking. The ability of the hybrid scaffold containing the composite hydrogel and chondrogenic cells to form a cartilaginous tissue in vivo was investigated during a 6-week implantation in subcutaneous pockets of nude mice. Histological analysis of the composite constructs revealed the formation of a cartilage-like tissue with an extracellular matrix containing glycosaminoglycans and collagens. Overall, this new hybrid construct demonstrates an interpenetrating network which enhances the hydrogel mechanical properties without interfering with its cytocompatibility, oxygen diffusion, or the ability of chondrogenic cells to self-organize in the cluster and produce extracellular matrix components. This composite hydrogel may be of relevance for the treatment of cartilage defects in a large animal model of articular cartilage defects. Statement of significance: Articular cartilage is a tissue that fails to heal spontaneously. To address this clinically relevant issue, biomaterial-assisted cell therapy is considered promising but often lacks adequate mechanical properties. Our objective was to develop a composite hydrogel using a small amount of nano reinforcement (laponite) capable of gelling within polysaccharide based self-crosslinking hydrogel. This new hybrid construct demonstrates an interpenetrating network (IPN) which enhances the hydrogel mechanical properties without interfering with its cytocompatibility, O2 diffusion and the ability of chondrogenic cells to self-organize in cluster and produce extracellular matrix components. This composite hydrogel may be of relevance for the treatment of cartilage defects and will now be considered in a large animal model of articular cartilage defects.
Complete list of metadatas

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02060661
Contributor : Valérie Pecqueret <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 3:17:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - 9:20:27 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Cécile Boyer, Lara Figueiredo, Richard Pace, Julie Lesoeur, Thierry Rouillon, et al.. Laponite nanoparticle-associated silated hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose as an injectable reinforced interpenetrating network hydrogel for cartilage tissue engineering. Acta Biomaterialia, Elsevier, 2018, 65, pp.112-122. ⟨10.1016/j.actbio.2017.11.027⟩. ⟨inserm-02060661⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

394