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Pannexin-1 Channels govern the Generation of Necroptotic small Extracellular Vesicles

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Abstract

The activation of mixed lineage kinase-like (MLKL) by receptor-interacting protein kinase-3 (RIPK3) controls the execution of necroptosis, a regulated form of necrosis that occurs in apoptosis-deficient conditions. Active oligomerized MLKL triggers the exposure of phosphatidylserine residues on the cell surface and disrupts the plasma membrane integrity by forming lytic pores. MLKL also governs the biogenesis and shedding of proinflammatory small extracellular vesicles (EVs) during the early steps of necroptosis, however the molecular basis is unknown. Here, we find that MLKL oligomers activate plasma membrane Pannexin-1 (PANX1) channels, concomitantly to the loss of phosphatidylserine asymmetry. This plasma membrane "leakiness" requires the Rab GTPase Rab27 isoforms, which usher the small EVs to their release. Conversely, PANX1 knockdown disorganized the small EVs machinery and precludes vesicles extrusion. These data identify a novel signaling nexus between MLKL, Rab27, and PANX1, and propose ways to interfere with small EV generation.
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inserm-02055145 , version 1 (03-03-2019)

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Tiphaine Douanne, Gwennan André-Grégoire, Magalie Feyeux, Philippe Hulin, Julie Gavard, et al.. Pannexin-1 Channels govern the Generation of Necroptotic small Extracellular Vesicles. 2019. ⟨inserm-02055145⟩
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