Downregulation of Microparticle Release and Pro-Inflammatory Properties of Activated Human Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils by LMW Fucoidan

Abstract : Exposition of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear neutrophils, PMNs) to bacterial products triggers exacerbated activation of these cells, increasing their harmful effects on host tissues. We evaluated the possibility of interfering with the classic immune innate responses of human PMNs exposed to bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS), and further stimulated with bacterial formyl peptide (N-formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine, fMLP). We showed that the low- molecular-weight fucoidan (LMW-Fuc), a polysaccharide extracted from brown algae, attenuated the exacerbated activation induced by fMLP on LPS-primed PMNs, in vitro, impairing chemotaxis, NET formation, and the pro-survival and pro-oxidative effects. LMW-Fuc also inhibited the activation of canonical signaling pathways, AKT, bad, p47phox and MLC, activated by the exposition of PMN to bacterial products. The activation of PMN by sequential exposure to LPS and fMLP induced the release of L-selectin+ microparticles, which were able to trigger extracellular reactive oxygen species production by fresh PMNs and macrophages. Furthermore, we observed that LMW-Fuc inhibited microparticle release from activated PMN. In vivo experiments showed that circulating PMN-derived microparticles could be detected in mice exposed to bacterial products (LPS/fMLP), being downregulated in animals treated with LMW-Fuc. The data highlight the autocrine and paracrine role of pro-inflammatory microparticles derived from activated PMN and demonstrate the anti-inflammatory effects of LMW-Fuc on these cells.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 2:45:15 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 24, 2019 - 10:58:04 AM

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João alfredo Moraes, Ana clara Frony, Pedro Barcellos-De-Souza, Marcel Menezes da cunha, Thayanne Brasil barbosa calcia, et al.. Downregulation of Microparticle Release and Pro-Inflammatory Properties of Activated Human Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils by LMW Fucoidan. Journal of Innate Immunity, Karger, 2019, 11 (4), pp.330-346. ⟨10.1159/000494220⟩. ⟨inserm-01973776⟩

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