Assessement of Awareness of, Concerns and Attitudes Towards HIV-Related Court-Case Sentences in France in a Representative Sample of People Living with HIV (ANRS VESPA2 Survey)

Abstract : Some of the 12 criminal trials and sentences in France for HIV transmission in 1998-2011 attracted substantial public attention , with a possible negative impact on people living with HIV (PLWH) through reinforced stigma and discrimination. This analysis aimed to characterize PLWH enrolled in the representative ANRS-VESPA2 survey, aware of and concerned about convictions for HIV transmission. Being a migrant from Sub-Saharan Africa, having difficult socioeconomic conditions, having unprotected sex with one's main partner and concealing one's HIV status were all factors statistically associated with concern about the sentences. Participants tempted to press charges against someone for infecting them were more likely to be younger, women, not living in a couple, unemployed, and to report a major depressive disorder. Concern about HIV-related criminal proceedings among the most vulnerable PLWH do not reflect the actual risk of prosecution they are exposed to. Resumen En Francia, algunos de los 12 juicios y sentencias relacionados con la contaminación del VIH en 1998-2011 suscitaron con-siderablemente el interés público. Esto pudo impactar negativamente las personas viviendo con VIH (PVVIH) aumentando su estigmatización y discriminación. Este análisis busca caracterizar las PVVIH, de la encuesta ANRS-VESPA2, informadas acerca de esos juicios e inquietos por la posibilidad de implicación en uno de ellos. Ser inmigrante subsahariano, las con-diciones socio-económicas desfavorables, las relaciones sexuales no protegidas con la pareja principal, y ocultar el VIH, están asociados a la posibilidad de ser implicados en un juicio. Por otro lado, aquellos que han intentado presentar cargos por contaminación del VIH fueron mayoritariamente jóvenes, mujeres, personas viviendo solas, desempleados, y personas en depresión. Los juicios por contaminación del VIH entre las PVVIH más vulnerables no reflejan el riesgo de acusación al que están expuestos.
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Marie Suzan-Monti, Michel Celse, Antoine Vilotitch, Baptiste Demoulin, Rosemary Dray-Spira, et al.. Assessement of Awareness of, Concerns and Attitudes Towards HIV-Related Court-Case Sentences in France in a Representative Sample of People Living with HIV (ANRS VESPA2 Survey). AIDS and Behavior, Springer Verlag, 2018, 22 (10), pp.3264-3272. ⟨10.1007/s10461-018-2077-6⟩. ⟨inserm-01969046⟩

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