Serum IgG subclass levels in patients with primary immunodeficiency syndromes or abnormal susceptibility to infections.

Abstract : Serum IgG subclass levels were measured using an indirect competitive immunoenzymatic assay with monoclonal antibodies in 221 patients affected with definite immunodeficiency (ID) syndromes and 229 patients presenting with infection patterns suggestive of ID, but with normal immunoglobulin class levels and no clear evidence of ID. In common variable ID and IgG-IgA deficiency with normal or high IgM, subclass imbalance (mostly IgG1-IgG3 or IgG2-IgG4 deficiency) was the rule, with a higher incidence of severe infections in IgG2-IgG4 defects. One-fifth of patients with IgA deficiency, especially those with autoimmune cytopenia, had subclass deficiencies with no significant correlation with the occurrence of infections. Subclass (mostly IgG2-IgG4) deficiencies were also observed in severe combined ID, defective expression of HLA class II antigens, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, and IgM deficiency. Subclass levels were normal in all but one (who was IgG3 deficient) patient with the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and in the Buckley's syndrome, except for an unusual patient who presented with low IgG and IgA levels. Subclass (mainly IgG2) deficiency occurred in 24% of infected patients without known ID.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-01933112
Contributor : Pierre Aucouturier <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 23, 2018 - 3:15:50 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 24, 2018 - 1:00:44 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-01933112, version 1
  • PUBMED : 2924438

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Pierre Aucouturier, Corinne Lacombe, Clotilde Brémard, Yvon Lebranchu, Maxime Seligmann, et al.. Serum IgG subclass levels in patients with primary immunodeficiency syndromes or abnormal susceptibility to infections.. Clinical immunology and immunopathology, Elsevier - Academic Press;Elsevier, 1989, pp.22-37. ⟨inserm-01933112⟩

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