Myosin light-chain 1/3 gene alternative splicing: cis regulation is based upon a hierarchical compatibility between splice sites.

Abstract : The mechanisms involved in the selective joining of appropriate 5' and 3' splice sites are still poorly understood in both constitutive and alternatively spliced genes. With two promoters associated with different exons, the myosin light-chain 1/3 gene generates two pre-mRNAs that also differ by the use of a pair of internal exons, 3 and 4, that are spliced in a mutually exclusive fashion. When the promoter upstream from exon 1 is used, only exon 4 is included. If the promoter upstream from exon 2 is used, only exon 3 is included. In an attempt to understand the molecular basis for the mutually exclusive behavior of these two exons and the basis of their specific selection, a number of minigene constructs containing exons 3 and 4 were tested in a variety of homologous or heterologous cis and trans environments. The results demonstrate that the mutually exclusive behavior of myosin light-chain exons 3 and 4 and selection between the two exons are cis regulated and are affected by the nature of the flanking sequences. Both exons competed for the common flanking 5' and 3' splice sites. Flanking exons were found that favored inclusion into mature mRNA of exon 3, exon 4, both, or neither, suggesting a specific cooperative interaction between certain 5' and 3' splice sites. Thus, alternative splicing of myosin light-chain 1/3 pre-mRNAs is regulated in cis by a hierarchy of compatibilities between pairs of 5' and 3' splice sites.
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Maria Gallego, Bernardo Nadal-Ginard. Myosin light-chain 1/3 gene alternative splicing: cis regulation is based upon a hierarchical compatibility between splice sites.. Molecular and Cellular Biology, American Society for Microbiology, 1990, pp.2133-44. ⟨10.1128/MCB.10.5.2133⟩. ⟨inserm-01907529⟩

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