CRISPR-Cas9-mediated efficient directed mutagenesis and RAD51-dependent and RAD51-independent gene targeting in the moss Physcomitrella patens

Abstract : The ability to address the CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease complex to any target DNA using customizable single-guide RNAs has now permitted genome engineering in many species. Here, we report its first successful use in a nonvascular plant, the moss Physcomitrella patens. Single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) were designed to target an endogenous reporter gene, PpAPT, whose inactivation confers resistance to 2-fluoroadenine. Transformation of moss protoplasts with these sgRNAs and the Cas9 coding sequence from Streptococcus pyogenes triggered mutagenesis at the PpAPT target in about 2% of the regenerated plants. Mainly, deletions were observed, most of them resulting from alternative end-joining (alt-EJ)-driven repair. We further demonstrate that, in the presence of a donor DNA sharing sequence homology with the PpAPT gene, most transgene integration events occur by homology-driven repair (HDR) at the target locus but also that Cas9-induced double-strand breaks are repaired with almost equal frequencies by mutagenic illegitimate recombination. Finally, we establish that a significant fraction of HDR-mediated gene targeting events (30%) is still possible in the absence of PpRAD51 protein, indicating that CRISPR-induced HDR is only partially mediated by the classical homologous recombination pathway.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 25, 2018 - 1:50:22 PM
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Cécile Collonnier, Aline Epert, Kostlend Mara, François Maclot, Anouchka Guyon-Debast, et al.. CRISPR-Cas9-mediated efficient directed mutagenesis and RAD51-dependent and RAD51-independent gene targeting in the moss Physcomitrella patens. Plant Biotechnology Journal, Wiley, 2017, 15 (1), pp.122 - 131. ⟨10.1111/pbi.12596⟩. ⟨inserm-01904879⟩

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