RAD54 forms DNA repair foci in response to DNA damage in living plant cells

Abstract : Plants have various defense mechanisms against environmental stresses that induce DNA damage. Genetic and biochemical analyses have revealed the sensing and signaling of DNA damage, but little is known about subnuclear dynamics in response to DNA damage in living plant cells. Here, we observed that the chromatin remodeling factor RAD54, which is involved in DNA repair via the homologous recombination pathway, formed subnuclear foci (termed RAD54 foci) in Arabidopsis thaliana after induction of DNA double-strand breaks. The appearance of RAD54 foci was dependent on the ATAXIA-TELANGIECTASIA MUTATED-SUPPRESSOR OF GAMMA RESPONSE 1 pathway, and RAD54 foci were co-localized with γH2AX signals. Laser irradiation of a subnuclear area demonstrated that in living cells RAD54 was specifically accumulated at the damaged site. In addition, the formation of RAD54 foci showed specificity for cell type and region. We conclude that RAD54 foci correspond to DNA repair foci in A. thaliana.
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Takeshi Hirakawa, Junko Hasegawa, Charles White, Sachihiro Matsunaga. RAD54 forms DNA repair foci in response to DNA damage in living plant cells. Plant Journal, Wiley, 2017, 90 (2), pp.372 - 382. ⟨10.1111/tpj.13499⟩. ⟨inserm-01904874⟩

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