PiT1/Slc20a1 is required for endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis, chondrocyte survival and skeletal development: PiT1 regulates ER stress in chondrocytes

Abstract : During skeletal mineralization, the sodium-phosphate co-transporter PiT1Slc20a1 is assumed to meet the phosphate requirements of bone-forming cells, although evidence is missing. Here, we used a conditional gene deletion approach to determine the role of PiT1 in growth plate chondrocytes. We show that PiT1 ablation shortly after birth generates a rapid and massive cell death in the center of the growth plate, together with an uncompensated ER stress, characterized by morphological changes and increased Chop, Atf4 and Bip expression. PiT1 expression in chondrocytes was not found at the cell membrane but co-localized with the ER marker ERp46, and was up-regulated by the unfolded protein response cascade. In addition, we identified the protein disulfide isomerase (Pdi) ER chaperone as a PiT1 binding partner and showed that PiT1 ablation impaired Pdi reductase activity. The ER stress induced by PiT1 deficiency in chondrocytes was associated with intracellular retention of aggrecan and Vegf-A, which was rescued by over-expressing a phosphate transport-deficient mutant of PiT1. Our data thus reveal a novel, Pi-transport independent function of PiT1, as a critical modulator of ER homeostasis and chondrocyte survival during endochondral ossification. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Greig Couasnay, Nina Bon, Sophie Devignes, Sophie Sourice, Arnaud Bianchi, et al.. PiT1/Slc20a1 is required for endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis, chondrocyte survival and skeletal development: PiT1 regulates ER stress in chondrocytes. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 2018, 34 (2), pp.387-398. ⟨10.1002/jbmr.3609⟩. ⟨inserm-01902342⟩

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