Isotypic and allotypic analysis with monoclonal antibodies and jacalin of 309 serum monoclonal IgA from French and Japanese myeloma patients.

Abstract : The subclass and allotype distribution of serum monoclonal IgA from myeloma patients was determined by ELISA with monoclonal antibodies in two French and one Japanese laboratory. In addition, the French sera were tested for their reactivity with the lectin jacalin. No significant difference in the isotypic distribution between French and Japanese series could be demonstrated: kappa/lambda ratios were 0.99 and 1.17, and the IgA1 subclass accounted for 93.9% and 91% of cases in the French and Japanese studies, respectively. Five out of 7 myeloma IgA2 from Japan and only one of the 12 IgA2 from France belonged to the A2m(2) allotype (P less than 0.01). All 219 IgA1 tested reacted with jacalin by immunoelectrophoresis (IEP), although with variable intensities. Among IgA2 proteins, only one (of the A2m(1) allotype) yielded a precipitating line with jacalin by IEP. Molecular analysis demonstrated that this protein was an IgA1-IgA2 hybrid bearing most of the A2m(1) epitopes.
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  • HAL Id : inserm-01876798, version 1
  • PUBMED : 1500081

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Pierre Aucouturier, Lucile Musset, Yoshihisa Itoh, Yue Ko, Christine Silvain, et al.. Isotypic and allotypic analysis with monoclonal antibodies and jacalin of 309 serum monoclonal IgA from French and Japanese myeloma patients.. Immunology Letters, Elsevier, 1992, 32, pp.31-4. ⟨inserm-01876798⟩

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