Potential relationship between periodontal diseases and eye diseases

Abstract : Periodontal diseases are inflammatory lesions initiated by oral bacteria and lead to the destruction of the supporting structures of the teeth (gingiva, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) in susceptible patient. Via several biological mechanisms, periodontal diseases have been associated with multiple systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Similarly certain eye diseases have been associated with systemic diseases of the inflammatory pathway. We hypothesized that periodontal diseases are associated with eye diseases. Thus using literature data we find that several studies have reported that eye disorders are associated with the presence of periodontal diseases. But the mechanisms of this relationship are not clear. However the innate immune response involvement, the sharing of similar risk factors in pathogenesis and the changes of eye choroid thickness may be suggested as several hypotheses to explain this potential association.
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Contributor : Valérie Pecqueret <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 10, 2018 - 3:04:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:01:19 PM

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Z. Pockpa, X. Struillou, N.T Coulibaly, M. Weber, A. Soueidan, et al.. Potential relationship between periodontal diseases and eye diseases. Medical Hypotheses, Elsevier, 2017, 99, pp.63 - 66. ⟨10.1016/j.mehy.2016.12.011⟩. ⟨inserm-01856312⟩

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