Vertebroplasty using bisphosphonate-loaded calcium phosphate cement in a standardized vertebral body bone defect in an osteoporotic sheep model

Abstract : In the context of bone regeneration in an osteoporotic environment, the present study describes the development of an approach based on the use of calcium phosphate (CaP) bone substitutes that can promote new bone formation and locally deliver in situ bisphosphonate (BP) directly at the implantation site. The formulation of a CaP material has been optimized by designing an injectable apatitic cement that (i) hardens in situ despite the presence of BP and (ii) provides immediate mechanical properties adapted to clinical applications in an osteoporotic environment. We developed a large animal model for simulating lumbar vertebroplasty through a two-level lateral corpectomy on L3 and L4 vertebrae presenting a standardized osteopenic bone defect that was filled with cements. Both 2-D and 3-D analysis of microarchitec-tural parameters demonstrated that implantation of BP-loaded cement in such vertebral defects positively influenced the microarchitecture of the adjacent trabecular bone. This biological effect was dependent on the distance from the implant, emphasizing the in situ effect of the BP and its release from the cement. As a drug device combination, this BP-containing apatitic cement shows good promise as a local approach for the prevention of osteoporotic vertebral fractures through percutaneous vertebroplasty procedures.
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Elise Verron, Marie-Line Pissonnier, Julie Lesoeur, Verena Schnitzler, Borhane Hakim Fellah, et al.. Vertebroplasty using bisphosphonate-loaded calcium phosphate cement in a standardized vertebral body bone defect in an osteoporotic sheep model. Acta Biomaterialia, Elsevier, 2014, 10 (11), pp.4887 - 4895. ⟨10.1016/j.actbio.2014.07.012⟩. ⟨inserm-01847745⟩

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