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Sensing of cell stress by human γδ TCR-dependent recognition of annexin A2

Abstract : Human γδ T cells comprise a first line of defense through T-cell receptor (TCR) recognition of stressed cells. However, the molecular determinants and stress pathways involved in this recognition are largely unknown. Here we show that exposure of tumor cells to various stress situations led to tumor cell recognition by a Vγ8Vδ3 TCR. Using a strategy that we previously developed to identify antigenic ligands of γδ TCRs, annexin A2 was identified as the direct ligand of Vγ8Vδ3 TCR, and was found to be expressed on tumor cells upon the stress situations tested in a reactive oxygen species-dependent manner. Moreover, purified annexin A2 was able to stimulate the proliferation of a Vδ2 neg γδ T-cell subset within peripheral blood mononuclear cells and other annexin A2-specific Vδ2 neg γδ T-cell clones could be derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. We thus propose membrane exposure of annexin A2 as an oxidative stress signal for some Vδ2 neg γδ T cells that could be involved in an adaptive stress surveillance.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 4, 2018 - 11:19:04 AM
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Romain Marlin, Angela Pappalardo, Hannah Kaminski, Carrie R. Willcox, Vincent Pitard, et al.. Sensing of cell stress by human γδ TCR-dependent recognition of annexin A2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114 (12), pp.3163 - 3168. ⟨10.1073/pnas.1621052114⟩. ⟨inserm-01806909⟩



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