Microdeletion on chromosome 8p23.1 in a familial form of severe Buruli ulcer

Quentin Vincent 1, 2 Aziz Belkadi 1, 2 Cindy Fayard 3 Estelle Marion 4, 5 Ambroise Adeye 5, 6 Marie-Françoise Ardant 5, 6 Christian Johnson 6, 7 Didier Agossadou 8 Lazaro Lorenzo 1, 2 Julien Guergnon 9 Christine Bole-Feysot 2, 10 Jeremy Manry 1, 2 Patrick Nitschké 2, 11 Ioannis Theodorou 12, 13 Jean-Laurent Casanova 1, 2, 14, 15, 16 Laurent Marsollier 17 Annick Chauty 5, 6 Laurent Abel 1, 2, 14, * Alexandre Alcaïs 1, 2, *
Abstract : Buruli ulcer (BU), the third most frequent mycobacteriosis worldwide, is a neglected tropical disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. We report the clinical description and extensive genetic analysis of a consanguineous family from Benin comprising two cases of unusually severe non-ulcerative BU. The index case was the most severe of over 2,000 BU cases treated at the Centre de Dépistage et de Traitement de la Lèpre et de l'Ulcère de Buruli, Pobe, Benin, since its opening in 2003. The infection spread to all limbs with PCR-confirmed skin, bone and joint infections. Genome-wide linkage analysis of seven family members was performed and whole-exome sequencing of both patients was obtained. A 37kilobases homozygous deletion confirmed by targeted resequencing and located within a linkage region on chromosome 8 was identified in both patients but was absent from unaffected siblings. We further assessed the presence of this deletion on genotyping data from 803 independent local individuals (402 BU cases and 401 BU-free controls). Two BU cases were predicted to be homozygous carriers while none was identified in te control group. The deleted region is located close to a cluster of beta-defensin coding genes and contains a long non-coding (linc) RNA gene previously shown to display highest expression values in the skin. This first report of a microdeletion co-segregating with severe BU in a large family supports the view of a key role of human genetics in the natural history of the disease.
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Quentin Vincent, Aziz Belkadi, Cindy Fayard, Estelle Marion, Ambroise Adeye, et al.. Microdeletion on chromosome 8p23.1 in a familial form of severe Buruli ulcer. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2018, 12 (4), pp.e0006429. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0006429⟩. ⟨inserm-01804969⟩

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