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Electroencephalographic read-outs of the modulation of cortical network activity by deep brain stimulation

Abstract : Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS), a reversible and adjustable treatment for neurological and psychiatric refractory disorders, consists in delivering electrical currents to neuronal populations located in subcortical structures. The targets of DBS are spatially restricted, but connect to many parts of the brain, including the cortex, which might explain the observed clinical benefits in terms of symptomatology. The DBS mechanisms of action at a large scale are however poorly understood, which has motivated several groups to recently conduct many research programs to monitor cortical responses to DBS. Here we review the knowledge gathered from the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in patients treated by DBS. We first focus on the methodology to record and process EEG signals concurrently to DBS. In the second part of the review, we address the clinical and scientific benefits brought by EEG/DBS studies so far.
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Astrid Kibleur, Olivier David. Electroencephalographic read-outs of the modulation of cortical network activity by deep brain stimulation. Bioelectronic Medicine, Manhasset, NY : Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, [2014]-, 2018, 4 (1), pp.2. ⟨10.1186/s42234-018-0003-x⟩. ⟨inserm-01736590⟩

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