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Bovine Nebovirus Interacts with a Wide Spectrum of Histo-Blood Group Antigens: The Wide HBGA Binding Specificity of BNeV

Abstract : Some viruses within the Caliciviridae family initiate their replication cycle by attachment to cell surface carbohydrate moieties, histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) and/or terminal sialic acids (SAs). Although bovine nebovirus (BNeV), one of the enteric caliciviruses, is an important causative agent of acute gastroenteritis in cattle, its attachment factors and possibly other cellular receptors remain unknown. Using a comprehensive series of protein-ligand biochemical assays, we sought to determine whether BNeV recognizes cell surface HBGAs and/or SAs as attachment factors. It was found that BNeV virus-like particles (VLPs) bound to A type/H type 2/Ley HBGAs expressed in the bovine digestive tract which are related to HBGAs expressed in humans and other host species, suggesting a wide spectrum of HBGA recognition by BNeV. BNeV VLPs also bound to large variety of different bovine and human saliva samples of all ABH and Lewis types, supporting previously obtained results and suggesting a zoonotic potential of BNeV transmission. Removal of α1,2-linked-fucose and α1,3/4-linked-fucose epitopes of target HBGAs by confirmation-specific enzymes reduced the binding of BNeV VLPs to synthetic HBGAs, bovine and human saliva, cultured cell lines and bovine small intestine mucosa, further supporting a wide HBGA binding spectrum of BNeV through recognition of α1,2-linked fucose and α1,3/4-linked-fucose epitopes of targeted HBGAs. However, removal of terminal α2,3- and α2,6-linked SAs by their specific enzyme had no inhibitory effects on binding of BNeV VLPs, indicating that BNeV does not use terminal SAs as attachment factors. Further details of the binding specificity of BNeV remain to be explored.
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Contributor : Elizabeth Bernardo <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 14, 2018 - 11:49:28 AM
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  • HAL Id : inserm-01708919, version 1



Eun-Hyo Cho, Mahmoud Soliman, Mia Alfajaro, Ji-Yun Kim, Ja-Young Seo, et al.. Bovine Nebovirus Interacts with a Wide Spectrum of Histo-Blood Group Antigens: The Wide HBGA Binding Specificity of BNeV. Journal of Virology, American Society for Microbiology, In press, Epub ahead of print. ⟨inserm-01708919⟩



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