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Risk factors for premature birth in French Guiana: the importance of reducing health inequalities

Abstract : Objectives: French Guiana has the highest birth rate in South America. This French territory also has the highest premature birth rate and perinatal mortality rate of all French territories. The objective was to determine the premature birth rate and to identify the prevalence of risk factors of premature birth in French Guiana. Methods: A retrospective study of all births in French Guiana was conducted between January 2013 and December 2014 using the computerized registry compiling all live births over 22 weeks of gestation on the territory. Results: During this period 12 983 live births were reported on the territory. 13.5% of newborns were born before 37 (1755/12 983). The study of the registry revealed that common sociodemographic risk factors of prematurity were present. In addition, past obstetrical history was also important: a scarred uterus increased the risk of prematurity adjusted odds ratio ¼1.4, 95%CI (1.2–1.6). Similarly, obstetrical surveillance, the absence of preparation for birth or of prenatal interview increased the risk of prematurity by 2.4 and 2.3, the excess fraction in the population was 69% and 72.2%, respectively. Conclusions: Known classical risk factors are important. In the present study excess fractions were calculated in order to prioritize interventions to reduce the prematurity rate.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 16, 2018 - 7:42:43 PM
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Malika Leneuve-Dorilas, Anne Favre, Gabriel Carles, Alphonse Louis, Mathieu Nacher. Risk factors for premature birth in French Guiana: the importance of reducing health inequalities. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Taylor & Francis, 2017, pp.1 - 9. ⟨10.1080/14767058.2017.1403578⟩. ⟨inserm-01685922⟩

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