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Immune discrepancies during in vitro granuloma formation in response to Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium ) acnes infection

Abstract : Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes is involved in chronic/low-grade pathologies such as sarcoidosis or prosthetic joint infection (PJI). In these diseases, granulomatous structures are frequently observed. In this study, we induced a physiological granulomatous reaction in response to different well-characterized clinical C. acnes isolates in order to investigate the cellular process during granuloma formation. Three C. acnes isolates selected according to their origin (PJI, sarcoidosis and acne) were typed by MLST. All C. acnes isolates generated granulomatous structures in our experimental conditions. The bacterial burden was better controlled by granulomas induced by the sarcoidosis C. acnes isolate. The PJI C. acnes isolate, belonging to CC36, promoted the recruitment of CD8 þ lymphocytes inside the granu-loma. In contrast, the acne and sarcoidosis C. acnes isolates, belonging to phylotypes IA 1 /CC18 and IA 2 / CC28, respectively, generated a higher number of granulomas and promoted the recruitment of CD4 þ lymphocytes inside the granuloma. Our results provide new evidence supporting the role of C. acnes in the development of sarcoidosis and new explanations concerning the mechanisms underlying PJI due to C. acnes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 19, 2017 - 10:20:18 AM
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Guillaume Aubin, Grâce Ada da Silva, Yoshinobu Eishi, Cédric Jacqueline, Frédéric Altare, et al.. Immune discrepancies during in vitro granuloma formation in response to Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium ) acnes infection. Anaerobe, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 48, pp.172 - 176. ⟨10.1016/j.anaerobe.2017.08.014⟩. ⟨inserm-01667138⟩

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