Pharmacological targeting of apelin impairs glioblastoma growth

Abstract : Glioblastoma are highly aggressive brain tumours that are associated with an extremely poor prognosis. Within these tumours exists a subpopulation of highly plastic self-renewing cancer cells that retain the ability to expand ex vivo as tumourspheres, induce tumour growth in mice, and have been implicated in radio-and chemo-resistance. Although their identity and fate are regulated by external cues emanating from endothelial cells, the nature of such signals remains unknown. Here, we used a mass spectrometry proteomic approach to characterize the factors released by brain endothelial cells. We report the identification of the vasoactive peptide apelin as a central regulator for endothelial-mediated maintenance of glioblastoma patient-derived cells with stem-like properties. Genetic and pharmacological targeting of apelin cognate receptor abrogates apelin-and endothelial-mediated expansion of glioblastoma patient-derived cells with stem-like properties in vitro and suppresses tumour growth in vivo. Functionally, selective competitive antagonists of apelin receptor were shown to be safe and effective in reducing tumour expansion and lengthening the survival of intracranially xenografted mice. Therefore, the apelin/apelin receptor signalling nexus may operate as a paracrine signal that sustains tumour cell expansion and progression, suggesting that apelin is a druggable factor in glioblastoma.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 5, 2017 - 3:21:00 PM
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Elizabeth Harford-Wright, Gwennan André-Grégoire, Kathryn Jacobs, Lucas Treps, Sophie Le Gonidec, et al.. Pharmacological targeting of apelin impairs glioblastoma growth . Brain - A Journal of Neurology , Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017, Epub ahead of print. ⟨10.17863/CAM.12121⟩. ⟨inserm-01611131⟩

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